04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Prevalence of anxiety and depressive illness and help seeking behaviour in African Caribbeans and white Europeans: two phase general population survey.[see comment]

Prevalence of anxiety and depressive illness and help seeking behaviour in African Caribbeans and white Europeans: two phase general population survey.[see comment]

Author: mohec-admin

Additional Authors: Shaw, C. M.; Creed, F.; Tomenson, B.; Riste, L.; Cruickshank, J. K.
Year: 1999
URL: No URL given Journal: BMJ
Volume: 318
Issue: 7179
Pages: 302-5

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of common mental disorders (anxiety and depression) and help seeking behaviour in African Caribbeans and white Europeans. DESIGN: Two phase survey in a general population sample. The first phase comprised screening with the 12 item general health questionnaire; the second phase was standardised psychiatric assessment and interview about help seeking. SETTING: People registered with four general practices in central Manchester. PARTICIPANTS: Of 1467 people randomly selected from family health services authority lists, 864 were still resident. 337 African Caribbeans and 275 white Europeans completed the screening phase (response rate 71%); 127 African Caribbeans and 103 white Europeans were interviewed in the second phase. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: One month period prevalence of anxiety and depressive disorders in each ethnic group. RESULTS: 13% of African Caribbeans (95% confidence interval 10% to 16%) and 14% (10% to 18%) of white Europeans had one or more disorder. Anxiety disorders were significantly less common among African Caribbeans (3% (1% to 5%) v 9% (6% to 12%) in white Europeans). Depressive disorders were significantly more common among African Caribbean women than white women (difference 8% (1% to 15%)). Medical help seeking was similar in the two groups, but African Caribbeans with mental disorders were more likely to seek additional help from non-medical sources (12/29 v 5/29, P=0.082). CONCLUSIONS: In an inner city setting the prevalence of common mental disorders is similar in these two ethnic groups.

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