04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Social and behavioral determinants of self-reported STD among adolescents

Social and behavioral determinants of self-reported STD among adolescents

CONTEXT: Adolescents have among the highest sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates. Rich data are now available to characterize the social and behavioral factors that affect adolescent STD risk. METHODS: Data from Wave 1 (1995) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) are used to estimate school, neighborhood, family and individual level effects […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Inconsistencies in reporting the occurence and timing of first intercourse among adolescents

Inconsistencies in reporting the occurence and timing of first intercourse among adolescents

Two types of reporting inconsistency for sexual initiation were analyzed–event occurrence and its timing–using data from two waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Overall, 11.1% of those who reported they were sexually active at the time of first interview denied this at the subsequent one. Males of each race/ethnic group […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Associations among sexual attraction status, school belonging, and alcohol and marijuana use in rural high school students

Associations among sexual attraction status, school belonging, and alcohol and marijuana use in rural high school students

Analysis of data collected from 1725 9th graders from 25 rural high schools revealed that students reporting same-sex attraction or uncertainty about their attraction status also reported significantly lower GPAs, lower school belonging, and higher marijuana and alcohol use. Regression analyses confirmed that beyond the effects of GPA and biological sex, sexual minority attraction status […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Public education campaign heightens awareness that youth model authorities’ tobacco use

Public education campaign heightens awareness that youth model authorities’ tobacco use

To evaluate whether people changed their views about acceptability of authority figures smoking after an anti-tobacco initiative, randomly selected southeastern U.S. voters (801 in 2001; 806 in 2002) responded to a 20-minute telephone interview. Acceptability attitudes held steady: most (80.8%) said that any authority figures’ smoking in front of youth is unacceptable, with women, minorities, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Why is work intensity associated with heavy alcohol use among adolescents?

Why is work intensity associated with heavy alcohol use among adolescents?

PURPOSE: To examine and explain the relationship between work intensity (number of hours worked per week) and heavy alcohol use among adolescents. METHODS: Analyses were conducted with two waves of in-home interview data provided by a representative sample of adolescents who participated in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The “Safer Choices” intervention: its impact on the sexual behaviors of different subgroups of high school students

The “Safer Choices” intervention: its impact on the sexual behaviors of different subgroups of high school students

PURPOSE: To measure the relative impact of a school-based human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-, sexually transmitted disease (STD)-, and pregnancy-prevention intervention on sexual risk-taking behaviors of different subgroups of students. METHODS: Twenty schools were randomly assigned to receive Safer Choices or a standard knowledge-based HIV-education program. Safer Choices was designed to reduce unprotected sex by delaying […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Further evidence on adolescent employment and substance use: differences by race and ethnicity

Further evidence on adolescent employment and substance use: differences by race and ethnicity

In an on-going debate over the consequences of adolescent employment, there is growing agreement that work intensity (i.e., longer hours) fosters underage drinking and other substance use. The current study furthers our understanding of the relationship between hours of employment and substance use in adolescence by testing whether it is evident across racial/ethnic groups. Based […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Correlates of adolescent reports of sexual assault: findings from the National Survey of Adolescents

Correlates of adolescent reports of sexual assault: findings from the National Survey of Adolescents

This study examines how key demographic variables and specific child sexual assault (CSA) incident characteristics were related to whether adolescents reported that they had told anyone about an alleged sexual assault. The study also investigates whether there were differences in the correlates of CSA disclosure as a function of gender and race/ethnicity. A national household […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Adolescent depression and suicide risk: association with sex and drug behavior

Adolescent depression and suicide risk: association with sex and drug behavior

BACKGROUND: Depression is common among adolescents, and suicide is the third leading cause of death among 15- to 19-year-olds. Although both health problems have been associated with drug use and early sexual intercourse, the relationship has not been systematically studied in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Sixteen patterns of combined sex and drug use behaviors […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Cultural considerations in adolescent suicide prevention and psychosocial treatment

Cultural considerations in adolescent suicide prevention and psychosocial treatment

Ethnic groups differ in rates of suicidal behaviors among youths, the context within which suicidal behavior occurs (e.g., different precipitants, vulnerability and protective factors, and reactions to suicidal behaviors), and patterns of help-seeking. In this article, the authors discuss the cultural context of suicidal behavior among African American, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian American […]

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