03 March 2011 ~ 0 Comments

Intrapersonal and interpersonal determinants of smoking status among Asian American adolescents: findings from a national sample.

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03 March 2011 ~ 0 Comments

Great Health Disparity Video Resource from the Case Western Reserve University

Discussions related to health disparities and nutrition, hypertension, end stage real disease, community health, LGBT, adolescent and pediatric care. See the link below: http://www.case.edu/med/ccrhd/education/.

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Changes in access to care, 1977-1996: the role of health insurance

Changes in access to care, 1977-1996: the role of health insurance

OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in Americans’ access to care over the last 20 years focusing on the uninsured, Hispanic American, and young adult populations, and to analyze the factors underlying these changes with a particular focus on the role of health insurance. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data from the 1977 National Medical Care Expenditure Survey, the […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on STI prevention and the male sex industry in London: evaluating a pilot peer education programme

STI prevention and the male sex industry in London: evaluating a pilot peer education programme

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a pilot peer education STI prevention programme with male sex workers. DESIGN: A process and outcome evaluation of the pilot programme undertaken in three London male escort agencies, using a quasi-experimental design. SUBJECTS: Workers in three London escort agencies, including 88 who completed a questionnaire, five peer educators, and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Tinker, tailor, soldier, patient: work attributes and depression disparities among young adults

Tinker, tailor, soldier, patient: work attributes and depression disparities among young adults

Prior studies have consistently found the occurrence of depression to be higher among persons with lower socio-economic status (SES), but causal mechanisms for this relationship are often not well understood. For example, while depression has been shown to increase during spells of unemployment, little work has been done on job attributes that may be related […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Effect of Medicaid eligibility category on racial disparities in the use of psychotropic medications among youths

Effect of Medicaid eligibility category on racial disparities in the use of psychotropic medications among youths

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the degree to which Medicaid eligibility categories modify disparities between black and white youths in the prevalence of psychotropic medication. METHODS: Computerized claims for 189,486 youths aged two to 19 years who were continuously enrolled in a mid-Atlantic state Medicaid program for the year 2000 were analyzed to determine […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?

Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?

This study introduces the concentration index (CI) to assess socioeconomic inequality in the distribution of obesity among American adults aged 18-60 years old. The CI provides a summary measure of socioeconomic inequality, and enabled comparisons across gender, age, and ethnicity. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-1994 (NHANES III) were used. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Changes in fatal and near-fatal asthma in an urban area of South Africa from 1980-1997

Changes in fatal and near-fatal asthma in an urban area of South Africa from 1980-1997

Over the past two decades, changes in the health services designed to improve access to and quality of asthma care have occurred in South Africa. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of fatal and near-fatal asthma (NFA) from 1980-1997 in an urban part of South Africa. A retrospective analysis of fatal […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Factors associated with use of preventive dental and health services among U.S. adolescents

Factors associated with use of preventive dental and health services among U.S. adolescents

PURPOSE: To examine adolescents’ use of preventive medical and dental services and its relationship to demographic characteristics and other variables reflecting access to and need for care. METHODS: Self- and parent-reported data from a sample of 5644 adolescents aged 11 to 21 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Variables studied […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Parent’s language of interview and access to care for children with special health care needs

Parent’s language of interview and access to care for children with special health care needs

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between the parent’s language of interview and the access to care for children with special health care needs (CSHCN). METHODS: We used the 2001 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs to compare socio-demographic characteristics and health care access variables among CSHCN with parents who interviewed in English […]

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