03 December 2010 ~ 0 Comments

Race, Ethnicity, and Language Data: Standardization for Health Care Quality Improvement

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Impact of race and ethnicity on ischemic stroke. The University of California at San Diego Stroke Data Bank

Impact of race and ethnicity on ischemic stroke. The University of California at San Diego Stroke Data Bank

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As the US minority population continues to grow, increasing numbers of nonwhite citizens are at risk for stroke. A better understanding of how ischemic stroke differs in the minority populations may lead to more effective clinical management. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 542 consecutive patients (416 whites, 71 Mexican Americans, 55 blacks) presenting […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Pathways to access: health insurance, the health care delivery system, and racial/ethnic disparities, 1996-1999

Pathways to access: health insurance, the health care delivery system, and racial/ethnic disparities, 1996-1999

We examine the roles that insurance coverage, the delivery system, and external factors play in explaining persistent disparities in access among racial and ethnic groups of all ages. Using data from the 1996-1999 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys and regression-based decomposition methods, we find that our measures of health care system capacity explain little and that […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The Patterns of Care Survey of radiation therapy in localized prostate cancer: similarities between the practice nationally and in minority-rich areas

The Patterns of Care Survey of radiation therapy in localized prostate cancer: similarities between the practice nationally and in minority-rich areas

PURPOSE: Over the last two decades, the chance for the cure of localized prostate cancer by radiation has been improved by the widespread use of PSA for early detection and by a number of technical advances in treatment delivery. This study was designed to determine whether the stage of presentation and the quality of radiation […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnic characteristics of mental disorders in five U.S. communities

Ethnic characteristics of mental disorders in five U.S. communities

The study examined the ethnic ratio of 16 DSM-III mental disorders among White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian Americans. A total of 18,126 residents from 5 sites and 2,939 residents from the Epidemiological Catchment Area’s Los Angeles site were studied separately. Logistic regression analysis was performed. Results showed that Blacks were significantly less likely than Whites […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?

Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?

This study introduces the concentration index (CI) to assess socioeconomic inequality in the distribution of obesity among American adults aged 18-60 years old. The CI provides a summary measure of socioeconomic inequality, and enabled comparisons across gender, age, and ethnicity. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-1994 (NHANES III) were used. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Race-ethnicity-specific waist circumference cutoffs for identifying cardiovascular disease risk factors

Race-ethnicity-specific waist circumference cutoffs for identifying cardiovascular disease risk factors

BACKGROUND: Waist circumferences (WCs) in white men and women that represent a risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) equivalent to that of body mass indexes (BMIs; in kg/m2) of 25 and 30 have been identified. However, WC cutoffs for other race-ethnicity groups remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine WC cutoffs for CVD risk in […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Responses to a drug and alcohol problem assessment for primary care by ethnicity

Responses to a drug and alcohol problem assessment for primary care by ethnicity

Differences in responses by ethnic group to The Drug Abuse Problem Assessment for Primary Care (DAPA-PC) were examined. The DAPA-PC is a self-administered (via computer), internet-based screening instrument with automatic scoring, patient profile for medical reference, and unique motivational messages. Results indicate differences between blacks and whites on responses to several items in these instruments. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and mortality in a national population of veterans

Racial differences in diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and mortality in a national population of veterans

OBJECTIVE: To determine racial differences in the prevalence of diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and risk of mortality in a national health care system. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was conducted in 429,918 veterans with diabetes. Racial minority groups were analyzed for baseline differences in prevalence of early diabetic nephropathy, diabetic end-stage […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on A breast cancer education and on-site screening intervention for unscreened African American women

A breast cancer education and on-site screening intervention for unscreened African American women

BACKGROUND: This study tested a breast cancer education intervention for African American women with poor screening histories. Disparities in rates of later-stage disease and death may be related to lower screening rates due to behavioral (e.g., knowledge gap) and structural (e.g., access) barriers. METHODS: 94 African American women (low-income, poor screening histories) were randomly assigned […]

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