04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Elderly health disparities on the U.S.-Mexico border

Elderly health disparities on the U.S.-Mexico border

The Ageless Health Needs Assessment is a multi-phase project designed to assess the health and quality of life of the 60 and older population along the U.S.-Mexico border. The present study used a health survey, which was administered to 1,450 participants by telephone and through face-to-face interviews in Western Texas and Southern New Mexico. Several […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Changes in access to care, 1977-1996: the role of health insurance

Changes in access to care, 1977-1996: the role of health insurance

OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in Americans’ access to care over the last 20 years focusing on the uninsured, Hispanic American, and young adult populations, and to analyze the factors underlying these changes with a particular focus on the role of health insurance. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data from the 1977 National Medical Care Expenditure Survey, the […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Improving mental health for ethnic older adults

Improving mental health for ethnic older adults

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnic characteristics of mental disorders in five U.S. communities

Ethnic characteristics of mental disorders in five U.S. communities

The study examined the ethnic ratio of 16 DSM-III mental disorders among White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian Americans. A total of 18,126 residents from 5 sites and 2,939 residents from the Epidemiological Catchment Area’s Los Angeles site were studied separately. Logistic regression analysis was performed. Results showed that Blacks were significantly less likely than Whites […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Use of herbal medicine by elderly Hispanic and non-Hispanic white patients

Use of herbal medicine by elderly Hispanic and non-Hispanic white patients

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the types and prevalence of herbal medicines used by Hispanic and non-Hispanic white individuals aged 65 years and older. Secondary objectives were to compare herbal medicine use according to ethnicity, sex, age, socioeconomic status, and education level, and to determine patients’ beliefs about herbal medicines. Use of nonphysician health care providers […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing an acute myocardial infarction are known to delay seeking treatment between 2 and 4 hours. This delay is problematic because individuals who receive treatment 2 or more hours after the onset of symptoms are less likely to benefit from emergent reperfusion techniques. Persons most likely to delay seeking treatment for an acute […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in self-assessed health problems, depressive cognitions, and learned resourcefulness

Racial differences in self-assessed health problems, depressive cognitions, and learned resourcefulness

The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in self-assessed health problems, depressive cognitions, and learned resourcefulness in functionally independent older adults, including 30 Black and 30 White elders age 65 and over. Data were collected during structured face-to-face interviews. The two groups were similar in age, gender, education, and income. Results revealed that […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Severity of illness and ambulatory care-sensitive conditions

Severity of illness and ambulatory care-sensitive conditions

This study describes how severity of illness may refine the definition of ambulatory care-sensitive conditions, or ACSCs. Hospital discharge abstract data from Philadelphia were combined with census data to develop population-based adjusted rates of hospitalization for diabetes and asthma, two ACSCs. By stratifying ACSC hospitalization by severity of illness, variations were observed by age, race, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Worsening trends in adult health-related quality of life and self-rated health-United States, 1993-2001.[see comment]

Worsening trends in adult health-related quality of life and self-rated health-United States, 1993-2001.[see comment]

OBJECTIVES: Health-related quality of life and self-rated health complement mortality and morbidity as measures used in tracking changes and disparities in population health. The objectives of this study were to determine whether and how health-related quality of life and self-rated health changed overall in U.S. adults and in specific sociodemographic and geographic groups from 1993 […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Breast cancer stage at diagnosis: Caucasians versus Afro-Americans

Breast cancer stage at diagnosis: Caucasians versus Afro-Americans

In the Department of Defense health care system, all women have the same ability to access health care. Thus, there should be no racial differences in stage at diagnosis solely based on ability to seek health care. A retrospective review of breast cancer cases from 1976-1992 was conducted to determine if there were any differences […]

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