04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in urban transit operators: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

Racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in urban transit operators: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

OBJECTIVE: A growing body of literature is documenting the health effects of racial discrimination. The authors investigated the association between racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in a sample of urban transit operators. METHODS: Using data from a 1993-1995 cross-sectional study of transit operators in San Francisco, California, the authors analyzed responses to two sets of […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on General practitioners’ experience of research

General practitioners’ experience of research

In 1993, a Men’s Health Study was conducted in five mainland capital cities of Australia to determine prevalence of urinary symptoms among male patients. Patients completed a questionnaire in the waiting room before seeing the general practitioner who later completed a checklist. Various strategies were used to encourage participation by general practitioners in the research […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnic differences in depressive symptomatology among young women

Ethnic differences in depressive symptomatology among young women

OBJECTIVE: To examine racial and ethnic differences in moderate to severe depressive symptoms among young women seeking reproductive health care. METHODS: Nine hundred four white, black, or Hispanic women between 14 and 26 years of age completed an anonymous questionnaire that assessed demographic and reproductive characteristics; recent substance use, including binge drinking; sexual behaviors; occurrence […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Obesity is associated with reduced self-rated general health status: evidence from a representative sample of white, black, and Hispanic Americans

Obesity is associated with reduced self-rated general health status: evidence from a representative sample of white, black, and Hispanic Americans

BACKGROUND: Although the evidence linking obesity with many chronic diseases is well established, the relationship with self-rated health is not clear. Self-rating of health is a broad summary measure of different domains of health that include psychosocial domain. The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between obesity and self-rated health and the […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Dietary energy density determined by eight calculation methods in a nationally representative United States population

Dietary energy density determined by eight calculation methods in a nationally representative United States population

Dietary energy density [kcal/g (kJ/g)] influences energy intake under controlled laboratory conditions. Little is known about the energy density of the diets of free-living persons. Because energy density investigations are a relatively new endeavor, there are neither standard calculation methods nor published nationally representative values. This paper examines the calculation of energy density based on […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnic differences in patterns and correlates of age of initiation in a population of Air Force recruits.[see comment]

Ethnic differences in patterns and correlates of age of initiation in a population of Air Force recruits.[see comment]

Early age of initiation is a significant risk factor for long-term dependent smoking and may also relate to other unhealthy behaviors. The current study assessed age of initiation in relationship to smoking dependence and motivation to quit, physical activity, dietary intake, body mass index (BMI), attitude toward illegal drug use, binge drinking, seat belt use, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial disparities in reported prenatal care advice from health care providers.[see comment]

Racial disparities in reported prenatal care advice from health care providers.[see comment]

OBJECTIVES. The relationship between certain maternal behaviors and adverse pregnancy outcomes has been well documented. One method to alter these behaviors is through the advice of women’s health care providers. Advice from providers may be particularly important in minority populations, who have higher rates of infant mortality and prematurity. This study examines racial disparities according […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in women’s drinking norms and drinking patterns: a national study

Racial differences in women’s drinking norms and drinking patterns: a national study

This study explored whether norms regarding women’s drinking were more or less liberal among African American than among Caucasian women, and whether female-specific drinking norms influence drinking rates and drinking problems among the two groups of women. The study is based on data from a 1984 national survey of subsamples of 1,224 African American and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Low perceived chances for success in life and binge drinking among inner-city minority youth

Low perceived chances for success in life and binge drinking among inner-city minority youth

PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between low perceived chances for success in life and binge drinking in a sample of economically disadvantaged, predominantly minority, urban adolescents. METHODS: A sample of predominantly black and Hispanic students (N = 774) from 13 inner-city schools completed confidential questionnaires in the 7th, 8th, and 9th grades. Eight items measured […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Demographic, health, lifestyle, and blood vitamin determinants of serum total homocysteine concentrations in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994

Demographic, health, lifestyle, and blood vitamin determinants of serum total homocysteine concentrations in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994

BACKGROUND: Elevated serum total homocysteine (tHcy) is an independent risk factor for vascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: Associations between serum tHcy and demographics, health and lifestyle factors, and blood vitamin concentrations were investigated. DESIGN: Data from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994 were used to examine associations in men (n = 2965) and women […]

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