04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Health disparities in transplantation: focus on the complexity and challenge of renal transplantation in African Americans

Health disparities in transplantation: focus on the complexity and challenge of renal transplantation in African Americans

The field of renal transplantation has grown exponentially as a result of a greater understanding of the immune system and the advent of numerous immunosuppressive agents. Although African Americans and whites have benefited from these advances, equivalent long-term success eludes African Americans who are disadvantaged in gaining access to renal transplantation. This review summarizes the […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Disparities in HIV treatment and physician attitudes about delaying protease inhibitors for nonadherent patients

Disparities in HIV treatment and physician attitudes about delaying protease inhibitors for nonadherent patients

BACKGROUND: Current HIV treatment guidelines recommend delaying antiretroviral therapy for nonadherent patients, which some fear may disproportionately affect certain populations and contribute to disparities in care. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship of physician’s attitude toward prescribing protease inhibitors (PIs) to nonadherent patients with disparities in PI use and with health outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Knowledge, skills and attitudes of nursing students regarding culturally congruent care of Native Americans

Knowledge, skills and attitudes of nursing students regarding culturally congruent care of Native Americans

The provision of culturally congruent care for Native Americans can improve health care compliance and outcomes. The purpose of this survey was to determine the knowledge, skills, and attitudes students deem essential to provide culturally competent healthcare for Native American clients. This information provides nurse educators with critical information regarding the cultural competence of nursing […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Medical student, physician, and public perceptions of health care disparities

Medical student, physician, and public perceptions of health care disparities

OBJECTIVES: This study investigates first- and fourth-year medical students’ perceptions about health care disparities and compares their perceptions with those of physicians and the public. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of a national survey of medical students that included questions addressing unfair treatment of patients in the health care system based on insurance status, money, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on What do physicians want in their ideal job?[see comment]

What do physicians want in their ideal job?[see comment]

This article explores the question of what physicians want in their “ideal job” using a nationally representative sample of physicians in ambulatory practice. The importance of ten work values was examined overall by specialty, practice setting, race/ethnicity, age, and gender. More than 90% of physicians rated the following as very important: good relationships with staff […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Race consciousness and the health of African Americans

Race consciousness and the health of African Americans

The historical experience of African Americans in our country has been shaped by the institution of slavery, dehumanization of blacks, segregation, pursuit of civil rights, and racism in contemporary American society. Disparities in health care provide compelling evidence that issues of race or skin color for the descendants of slaves and other ethnic minorities persist […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on From nurse to nurse anesthetist: the relationship of culture, race, and ethnicity to professional socialization and career commitment of advanced practice nurses

From nurse to nurse anesthetist: the relationship of culture, race, and ethnicity to professional socialization and career commitment of advanced practice nurses

The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship of culture, race, and ethnicity on professional socialization and career commitment of student registered nurse anesthetists. A 78-item, self-administered questionnaire was mailed to the United States population of student nurse anesthetists (N = 2,008) yielding a 56% response. Demographic data and the dimensions of socialization […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Prostate cancer education in the Washington, DC, area

Prostate cancer education in the Washington, DC, area

Pharmacists are key members of the healthcare team, especially in minority and urban communities. This study was developed to assess pharmacists’ ability and willingness to counsel the public on prostate cancer in the community pharmacy setting. A mail survey was sent to all 192 community pharmacies in Washington, DC, and Prince George’s County, Maryland. A […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on General practitioners’ experience of research

General practitioners’ experience of research

In 1993, a Men’s Health Study was conducted in five mainland capital cities of Australia to determine prevalence of urinary symptoms among male patients. Patients completed a questionnaire in the waiting room before seeing the general practitioner who later completed a checklist. Various strategies were used to encourage participation by general practitioners in the research […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Cultural competence immersion experiences: public health among the Navajo

Cultural competence immersion experiences: public health among the Navajo

Holistic nursing practice requires cultural competence. The author describes a cultural immersion experience involving public health among the Navajo as having four components: inspiration, preparation, immersion, and reentry. Such experiences require faculty with requisite attitudes and abilities, as well as a supportive academic environment to nurture this student learning opportunity. Important faculty development issues discussed […]

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