09 November 2011 ~ 0 Comments

Awareness Of Racial And Ethnic Health Disparities Has Improved Only Modestly Over A Decade

From 1999 to 2010, the awareness of the racial and ethnic disparities that disproportionately affect African Americans and Hispanics or Latinos has increased with only four percent, from 55% to 59 % . The authors found that awareness about health disparities remains limited in the general population and is even more limited among racial and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Awareness of genetic testing for increased cancer risk in the year 2000 National Health Interview Survey

Awareness of genetic testing for increased cancer risk in the year 2000 National Health Interview Survey

OBJECTIVES: This study explores factors associated with differential awareness of genetic tests for increased cancer risk in the US. METHODS: 27,405 respondents from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey, ages 25+, were asked if they had heard of these tests. RESULTS: 44.4% said ‘yes’, including 49.9% of whites, 32.9% of African-Americans, 32.3% of American Indians/Alaskan […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on When patients first suspect and find out they are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus: implications for prevention.[erratum appears in AIDS Care 1995;7(1):107]

When patients first suspect and find out they are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus: implications for prevention.[erratum appears in AIDS Care 1995;7(1):107]

To evaluate how individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) became aware of their infection, when they first suspected they were infected with HIV and factors associated with suspecting HIV infection, we surveyed 227 patients at an urban outpatient HIV clinic. Though nearly all patients acknowledged risk factors for HIV, 60% reported that they […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Awareness about factors that affect the management of hypertension in Puerto Rican patients

Awareness about factors that affect the management of hypertension in Puerto Rican patients

INTRODUCTION: There are few published reports describing the health status of Hispanic populations in the United States with chronic illnesses, such as hypertension. Most studies on hypertension in Hispanics are on Mexican-Americans and little data exist for other Hispanic subgroups, such as Puerto Ricans. Health-related issues specific to a particular Hispanic subgroup may not be […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on A checklist to facilitate cultural awareness and sensitivity

A checklist to facilitate cultural awareness and sensitivity

United States of America demographic profiles illustrate a nation rich in cultural and racial diversity. Approximately 29% of the population are minorities and demographic projections indicate an increase to 50% by the year 2050. This creates a highly mobile and constantly changing environment, revealing the need for new levels of cultural awareness and sensitivity. These […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Cultural competence among physicians treating Mexican Americans who have diabetes: a structural model

Cultural competence among physicians treating Mexican Americans who have diabetes: a structural model

Latinos, who constitute the fastest growing ethnically distinct US group, experience disproportionately high rates of type 2 diabetes. At the same time, linguistic and economic barriers, differing cultural expectations between patients and physicians, provider reactions based on stereotypes, and managed healthcare shortfalls limit diabetes care. Such trends highlight physicians’ need to consider culture in the […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Factors affecting environmental awareness among Head Start families in Mississippi

Factors affecting environmental awareness among Head Start families in Mississippi

BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in health status in the United States may be attributed in part to environmental injustice and differential exposure to environmental hazards among low-income and/or minority populations. However, the environmental justice movement has historically focused on equity in the siting of point-source polluting facilities, giving little attention to environmental hazards and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Awareness of kidney disease in the US population: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999 to 2000

Awareness of kidney disease in the US population: findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999 to 2000

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the US population has been predicted to increase by 48% during the next decade and will pose a significant health cost burden. Early identification and treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is necessary to delay progression from CKD to ESRD. CKD awareness among patients is crucial […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The Atypical Antipsychotic Therapy and Metabolic Issues National Survey: practice patterns and knowledge of psychiatrists

The Atypical Antipsychotic Therapy and Metabolic Issues National Survey: practice patterns and knowledge of psychiatrists

A nationwide survey in 2003 of 300 randomly selected psychiatrists who routinely treat schizophrenia with atypical antipsychotic therapy was conducted to ascertain practice patterns and attitudes regarding metabolic disturbances during atypical antipsychotic therapy with an emphasis on how these perceptions impact therapeutic decision making. Psychiatrists generally believe that some atypical antipsychotic drugs are associated with […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Creating student awareness to improve cultural competence: creating the critical incident

Creating student awareness to improve cultural competence: creating the critical incident

Teaching medical students to recognize the need for cultural competence and accept their shortcomings in this area is a challenge. A simulated patient scenario was developed to address this challenge. The objective of the simulation is to enhance students’ readiness to learn by moving them from ‘unconscious incompetence’ to ‘conscious incompetence’. The patient scenario presents […]

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