04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Lowering the criterion for impaired fasting glucose: impact on disease prevalence and associated risk of diabetes and ischemic heart disease

Lowering the criterion for impaired fasting glucose: impact on disease prevalence and associated risk of diabetes and ischemic heart disease

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of lowering the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) criterion for impaired fasting glucose (IFG) on the prevalence of IFG, the risks of diabetes, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) associated with IFG. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Three studies were used: 1). the 1998 National Health Survey (NHS98), a randomly selected cross-sectional sample of […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Screening for diabetes mellitus–a two-step approach in individuals with impaired fasting glucose improves detection of those at risk of complications

Screening for diabetes mellitus–a two-step approach in individuals with impaired fasting glucose improves detection of those at risk of complications

AIMS: To compare the new American Diabetes Association (ADA) fasting plasma glucose (FPG) criteria to the 1985 World Health Organization (WHO) 2-h post glucose (2hPG) criteria when used for screening of those with no prior history of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: The study included 3,407 subjects without a history of diabetes in whom both FPG and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Audit of primary care angina management in Sandwell, England

Audit of primary care angina management in Sandwell, England

This audit aimed to assess the identification and treatment of coronary risk factors, lifestyle advice given and use of drug therapy, among patients with angina in Sandwell. It was designed to help general practices evaluate their angina management, and highlight areas where practice could be improved. Criteria were based on Sandwell’s published angina audit and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The performance of a risk score as a screening test for undiagnosed hyperglycemia in ethnic minority groups: data from the 1999 health survey for England

The performance of a risk score as a screening test for undiagnosed hyperglycemia in ethnic minority groups: data from the 1999 health survey for England

OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of the Cambridge Risk Score (CRS) to predict undiagnosed hyperglycemia in Caribbean and South Asian people living in the U.K. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The CRS uses routinely available data from primary care records to identify people at high risk for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes. The sensitivity, specificity, and area […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Obesity and the development of insulin resistance and impaired fasting glucose in black and white adolescent girls: a longitudinal study

Obesity and the development of insulin resistance and impaired fasting glucose in black and white adolescent girls: a longitudinal study

OBJECTIVE: Age at onset of type 2 diabetes has decreased during the past 20 years, especially in black women. Studies of factors associated with insulin resistance and hyperglycemia in preadolescent and adolescent populations are essential to understanding diabetes development. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Growth and Health Study […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Outcome and cost of a statewide diabetes screening and awareness initiative in New York

Outcome and cost of a statewide diabetes screening and awareness initiative in New York

From 1997 through 1999, a total of 365 diabetes screening and awareness events targeting high-risk populations were held throughout New York State. These events were planned and implemented by community-based coalitions that received funding from the state’s Diabetes Control Program. The American Diabetes Association’s diabetes risk questionnaire was administered, and those individuals identified as high […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial and ethnic differences in glycemic control of adults with type 2 diabetes

Racial and ethnic differences in glycemic control of adults with type 2 diabetes

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate glycemic control in a representative sample of U.S. adults with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey included national samples of non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, and Mexican Americans aged > or = 20 years. Information on medical history and treatment of diabetes was obtained […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance in U.S. adults. The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994.[see comment]

Prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance in U.S. adults. The Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and time trends for diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance in U.S. adults by age, sex, and race or ethnic group, based on data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994 (NHANES III) and prior Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (HANESs). RESEARCH […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial comparisons of health care and glycemic control for African American and white diabetic adults in an urban managed care organization

Racial comparisons of health care and glycemic control for African American and white diabetic adults in an urban managed care organization

The excess risk of diabetic complications in African Americans may be due to poor glycemic control arising from suboptimal use and/or quality of diabetes-related health care. However, little is known about racial differences in these factors, particularly in urban populations. We conducted a cross-sectional study using medical claims and encounter data on 1,106 adults with […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Associations between concentrations of alpha- and gamma-tocopherol and concentrations of glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin, insulin and C-peptide among US adults

Associations between concentrations of alpha- and gamma-tocopherol and concentrations of glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin, insulin and C-peptide among US adults

Our objective was to study the cross-sectional associations between concentrations of alpha- and gamma-tocopherol and concentrations of glucose, glycosylated haemoglobin, insulin and C-peptide among US adults. We used data for 1289 participants without self-reported diabetes who were aged > or =20 years in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000. Alpha-tocopherol concentration was inversely […]

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