12 February 2011 ~ 0 Comments

A Population-Based Study of Sexual Orientation Identity and Gender Differences in Adult Health

A study based on Massachusetts data which discusses disparities in sexual orientation. Researchers found disparities in chronic disease risk, victimization, access to health care, mental health and smoking.

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Changing patterns in health behaviors and risk factors related to chronic diseases, 1990-2000

Changing patterns in health behaviors and risk factors related to chronic diseases, 1990-2000

PURPOSE: Assess changes in chronic disease-related health behaviors and risk factors from 1990 to 2000, by race/ethnicity, age, and gender. DESIGN: Stratified cross-sectional design. SETTING: United States. SUBJECTS: 16,948 black, 11,956 Hispanic, and 158,707 white women and men, ages 18 to 74. MEASURES: Cigarette smoking, obesity, sedentary behavior, low vegetable or fruit intake. From the […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Determinants of delayed nephrologist referral in patients with chronic kidney disease

Determinants of delayed nephrologist referral in patients with chronic kidney disease

Late referral to nephrologists of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem because it is prevalent and associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and greater healthcare costs. To identify factors associated with delayed nephrologist referral (first nephrologist visit < 90 days before the onset of renal replacement therapy), we identified a […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial disparities in hospitalized elderly patients with chronic heart failure

Racial disparities in hospitalized elderly patients with chronic heart failure

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of race on length of hospital stay (LOS) and number of procedures on elderly persons hospitalized with chronic heart failure (CHF). Secondary data analysis was used to obtain data on 99,543 hospitalized Medicare patients with CHF age 65 years or older. MANOVA was utilized to […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The health and functional status of US veterans aged 65+: implications for VA health programs serving an elderly, diverse veteran population

The health and functional status of US veterans aged 65+: implications for VA health programs serving an elderly, diverse veteran population

As the US population is aging, so too is the US veteran population. Chief among the challenges facing the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is developing health programs and services that mesh with the needs of an aging veteran population and therefore improve the health status of elderly veterans. Meeting this challenge requires an understanding […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Self-reported prevalence and health correlates of functional limitation among Massachusetts elderly Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, and non-Hispanic white neighborhood comparison group

Self-reported prevalence and health correlates of functional limitation among Massachusetts elderly Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, and non-Hispanic white neighborhood comparison group

BACKGROUND: Limited data suggest that Puerto Ricans experience greater disability than other ethnic groups, but few studies have examined the factors associated with this apparent difference. METHODS: We describe the prevalence of functional limitation and disability in a representative sample of Puerto Rican and Dominican elders in Massachusetts, and in a neighborhood comparison group of […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Access to the medical home: results of the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs

Access to the medical home: results of the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to report the findings of the National Survey of Children With Special Health Care Needs regarding parent perceptions of the extent to which children with special health care needs (CSHCN) have access to a medical home. METHODS: Five criteria, selected to reflect the characteristics of a medical home […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Patient race and psychotropic prescribing during medical encounters

Patient race and psychotropic prescribing during medical encounters

This paper examines how patient race, rating of physical and emotional health, expression of physical, emotional, and social problem symptoms, and physician perceptions of patients’ physical health, emotional health, and social problems influence psychotropic prescribing in patients with chronic illness. Data were collected at 11 geographic areas in the United States and Canada. Patient visits […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Parents’ perceptions of pediatric primary care quality: effects of race/ethnicity, language, and access

Parents’ perceptions of pediatric primary care quality: effects of race/ethnicity, language, and access

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of race/ethnicity, language, and potential access on parents’ reports of pediatric primary care experiences. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Primary survey data were collected (67 percent response rate) from 3,406 parents of students in kindergarten through sixth grade in a large urban school district in California during the 1999-2000 school year. DATA […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Dietary acculturation: applications to nutrition research and dietetics

Dietary acculturation: applications to nutrition research and dietetics

The US immigrant population is growing dramatically, making the health status of racial/ethnic minorities an increasingly important public health issue. Immigration to the United States is usually accompanied by environmental and lifestyle changes that can markedly increase chronic disease risk. In particular, adoption of US dietary patterns that tend to be high in fat and […]

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