04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Race-ethnicity-specific waist circumference cutoffs for identifying cardiovascular disease risk factors

Race-ethnicity-specific waist circumference cutoffs for identifying cardiovascular disease risk factors

BACKGROUND: Waist circumferences (WCs) in white men and women that represent a risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) equivalent to that of body mass indexes (BMIs; in kg/m2) of 25 and 30 have been identified. However, WC cutoffs for other race-ethnicity groups remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine WC cutoffs for CVD risk in […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on An examination of the dental utilization practices of adult survivors of childhood cancer: a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study

An examination of the dental utilization practices of adult survivors of childhood cancer: a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study

OBJECTIVES: This study characterized the self-reported dental utilization practice of long-term survivors of childhood cancer, a group at increased risk for treatment-induced dental abnormalities. METHODS: 9,434 survivors and a comparison group of 3,858 siblings completed a 289-item survey that included a question on when their last dental visit occurred. RESULTS: Within the last year 60.4 […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in the use of total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis among older Americans

Racial differences in the use of total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis among older Americans

The purpose of this study was to determine differences in the use of total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis among black and white older Americans and to determine whether clinical and economic factors contribute to these differences. Data on black and white Americans aged 65 years and older were gleaned from national Medicare hospitalization records for […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Oral health status of rural adults in the United States

Oral health status of rural adults in the United States

BACKGROUND: Many sociodemographic indicators of oral health disparity in the United States have been documented. Rural residence, however, has not been researched thoroughly, though it has been considered to be a potential indicator of disparity. The authors conducted this study to present information on the effects of rural residence on oral health in the United […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Complaints from emergency department patients largely result from treatment and communication problems.[see comment]

Complaints from emergency department patients largely result from treatment and communication problems.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE: Emergency department patient complaints are often justified and may lead to apology, remedial action or compensation. The aim of the present study was to analyse emergency department patient complaints in order to identify procedures or practices that require change and to make recommendations for intervention strategies aimed at decreasing complaint rates. METHODS: We undertook […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Disparities in adherence to recommended followup on screening mammography: interaction of sociodemographic factors.[see comment]

Disparities in adherence to recommended followup on screening mammography: interaction of sociodemographic factors.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine disparities in adherence to screening mammography and, specifically, to investigate whether race/ethnicity, education, age, health insurance, and family history of breast cancer (FHBC), as unique factors and in interactions, influence adherence to recommended follow up on screening mammography. DESIGN: The study involved retrieval and analyses of […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnic variation in knee replacement: patient preferences or uninformed disparity?

Ethnic variation in knee replacement: patient preferences or uninformed disparity?

BACKGROUND: Despite the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of total knee replacement (TKR), minority patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) are half as likely as their white counterparts to undergo this procedure. Patient preferences may play a large role in the variations in utilization of TKR. We evaluated the preferences and beliefs of patients with knee OA from […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnicity and physician-older patient communication about alternative therapies

Ethnicity and physician-older patient communication about alternative therapies

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe ethnic differences in physician-patient communication about alternative therapies, using a data set comprised of audiotapes and transcripts of primary care medical visits. METHODS: The data set was collected during 1995 at the family practice and general medicine clinics at the University of New Mexico Health Sciences […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Perceived ethnicity and the risk of compulsory admission

Perceived ethnicity and the risk of compulsory admission

Black-Caribbean patients are more often admitted compulsorily to psychiatric wards than patients from other ethnic groups. We tested the hypothesis that perceived ethnicity of a patient had no independent effect on the risk of compulsory admission. For all consecutive admissions over a 6-month period to acute psychiatric wards in Nottingham, medical officers responsible for the […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Urinary incontinence predictors and life impact in ethnically diverse perimenopausal women

Urinary incontinence predictors and life impact in ethnically diverse perimenopausal women

OBJECTIVE: To document prevalence of mild, moderate, and severe urinary incontinence among ethnically diverse perimenopausal women, identify risk factors, and assess the effect of severity on women’s daily lives using treatment seeking, bother, and nighttime voiding as indicators. METHODS: Baseline data from the longitudinal cohort of the Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation, a […]

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