04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethics in the practice of psychiatry in South Africa

Ethics in the practice of psychiatry in South Africa

OBJECTIVE: To determine attitudes with regard to ethics in the practice of psychiatry in South Africa. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHOD: The study utilised clinical vignettes, with gender and race of the patient as potential modifying variables in diagnosis and management. Open-ended questions pertaining to potential abuses were included. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Questionnaires were mailed to […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on ICNE workshop conference, Amsterdam 5 October 2003 responsibility and vulnerability: a global perspective

ICNE workshop conference, Amsterdam 5 October 2003 responsibility and vulnerability: a global perspective

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Can traumatic brain injury surveillance systems be used to link individuals with TBI to services?

Can traumatic brain injury surveillance systems be used to link individuals with TBI to services?

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the feasibility of using Colorado Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Surveillance System data to link individuals to information and services in their communities. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Using a qualitative exploratory approach, the investigators conducted focus groups of individuals with TBI and family members (n = 29) and individual […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Drug treatment services for ethnic communities in Victoria, Australia: an examination of cultural and institutional barriers

Drug treatment services for ethnic communities in Victoria, Australia: an examination of cultural and institutional barriers

Under-representation of ethnic minorities at drug treatment services represents under-utilisation rather than a lower need. To explore barriers to drug treatment among ethnic communities we undertook a comprehensive review of international and Australian literature to identify problems their members experience upon the discovery of illicit drug use in their community, how drug treatment is addressed […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Genetic testing for cancer susceptibility: the promise and the pitfalls

Genetic testing for cancer susceptibility: the promise and the pitfalls

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Characteristics of individuals using different HIV/AIDS counseling and testing programs

Characteristics of individuals using different HIV/AIDS counseling and testing programs

OBJECTIVE: To describe clinically important differences in the characteristics of subjects using three distinct HIV counseling and testing settings: scheduled confidential, scheduled anonymous, and confidential walk-in. DESIGN: An HIV risk-assessment questionnaire was given to individuals prior to receiving HIV-antibody testing and counseling. METHODS: Demographic and behavioral data was analyzed for each of the three counseling […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Public knowledge/perceptions about AIDS transmission: concerns about use of dental services

Public knowledge/perceptions about AIDS transmission: concerns about use of dental services

This telephone survey of 739 adults living in the State of Maryland (response rate 68.9%) examined the association between public perceptions and knowledge about the routes of transmission of AIDS, and concerns about contracting AIDS in a dental office and attitudes toward confidentiality of AIDS infected dentists and patients. The greatest areas of inaccuracies related […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The genetics revolution. Ethical, legal, and insurance concerns

The genetics revolution. Ethical, legal, and insurance concerns

Genetic researchers will soon complete a structural description of the human genome. Understanding of the detailed function and interactions of the genes will soon follow, as will the ability to manipulate genes and use them for our own purposes. This knowledge will force us to rethink our basic philosophy of life and fundamental ethics. The […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Surveillance of sexually transmitted infections in the West Midlands using anonymised individual patient datasets from genitourinary medicine clinics.[see comment]

Surveillance of sexually transmitted infections in the West Midlands using anonymised individual patient datasets from genitourinary medicine clinics.[see comment]

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) declined in the UK during the 1980s and early 1990s but have increased substantially since 1995. Within the overall increase there are important differences in the epidemiology of these infections. The current, aggregate system of STI data collection in the UK provides limited demographic information and is unable to fully explain […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Multistate evaluation of anonymous HIV testing and access to medical care. Multistate Evaluation of Surveillance of HIV (MESH) Study Group.[see comment]

Multistate evaluation of anonymous HIV testing and access to medical care. Multistate Evaluation of Surveillance of HIV (MESH) Study Group.[see comment]

CONTEXT: Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the only infectious disease for which anonymous testing is publicly funded, an exception that has been controversial. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether anonymous HIV testing was associated with earlier HIV testing and HIV-related medical care than confidential HIV testing. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Arizona, Colorado, Missouri, New […]

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