03 May 2011 ~ 0 Comments

Accountable Care Organizations and Health Care Disparities

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Can traumatic brain injury surveillance systems be used to link individuals with TBI to services?

Can traumatic brain injury surveillance systems be used to link individuals with TBI to services?

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the feasibility of using Colorado Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Surveillance System data to link individuals to information and services in their communities. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Using a qualitative exploratory approach, the investigators conducted focus groups of individuals with TBI and family members (n = 29) and individual […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Prices, policies and youth smoking, May 2001

Prices, policies and youth smoking, May 2001

Youth smoking continues to be an important public health problem. Many policy tools designed to reduce youth smoking are based on economic principles. This paper describes the economic and policy context of tobacco use aiming at reducing youth smoking and explains the economic rationale for tobacco control tools such as excise tax and price, clean […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Factors associated with emergency department use in asthma: acute care interventions improving chronic disease outcomes.[see comment]

Factors associated with emergency department use in asthma: acute care interventions improving chronic disease outcomes.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE: To provide a literature review of the factors associated with childhood asthma-related emergency department (ED) visits and to identify elements of effective ED interventions that reduce the frequency of childhood ED visits while increasing primary health care utilization. DATA SOURCE: English Medline articles from 1990 that cross-referenced with the terms asthma, emergency, intervention, pediatric, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Successful recruitment of minorities into clinical trials: The Kick It at Swope project

Successful recruitment of minorities into clinical trials: The Kick It at Swope project

Ethnic minorities are often underrepresented in clinical trials, and their recruitment can challenge researchers. Developing and communicating effective and efficient recruitment strategies may help researchers enroll more minorities into research studies. Kick It at Swope was a double-blind, randomized trial that evaluated bupropion for smoking cessation among 600 adult African Americans who smoked 10 or […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Cadaveric-donor organ recovery at a hospital-independent facility.[see comment]

Cadaveric-donor organ recovery at a hospital-independent facility.[see comment]

BACKGROUND: Of the many logistic issues addressed throughout the cadaveric organ donation process, timely access to the operating theater for surgical recovery of organs and tissues can be one of the most problematic. Delay in recovery adds to cost, risks organ viability, and compounds donor family anguish with compromise to donation consent. METHODS: From March […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Outcome and cost of a statewide diabetes screening and awareness initiative in New York

Outcome and cost of a statewide diabetes screening and awareness initiative in New York

From 1997 through 1999, a total of 365 diabetes screening and awareness events targeting high-risk populations were held throughout New York State. These events were planned and implemented by community-based coalitions that received funding from the state’s Diabetes Control Program. The American Diabetes Association’s diabetes risk questionnaire was administered, and those individuals identified as high […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Food choices and diet costs: an economic analysis

Food choices and diet costs: an economic analysis

Obesity in the United States is a socioeconomic issue. It is related to limited social and economic resources and may be linked to disparities in access to healthy foods. Added sugars and added fats are far more affordable than are the recommended “healthful” diets based on lean meats, whole grains, and fresh vegetables and fruit. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Differences in judgments of persuasive argument quality by three population groups in Iowa

Differences in judgments of persuasive argument quality by three population groups in Iowa

OBJECTIVES: This study describes a method for studying the perceived persuasiveness of rationales for adopting preventive health behaviors. METHODS: Using the Elaboration Likelihood Model, we surveyed 156 individuals as to the level of persuasiveness that each of several categories of reason presented in adopting target “prevention” behaviors such as eliminating the use of smokeless tobacco […]

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