04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Prevalence and correlates of high-quality basic pediatric preventive care

Prevalence and correlates of high-quality basic pediatric preventive care

BACKGROUND: The list of recommended pediatric preventive services has grown considerably in the past decade, and clinician variability, clinician distribution, and other correlates of provision of these basic preventive services (BPS) are not known. OBJECTIVE: To describe the proportion of high-quality basic pediatric preventive services, exclusive of immunizations, reported by parents and to identify sociodemographic […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Elderly health disparities on the U.S.-Mexico border

Elderly health disparities on the U.S.-Mexico border

The Ageless Health Needs Assessment is a multi-phase project designed to assess the health and quality of life of the 60 and older population along the U.S.-Mexico border. The present study used a health survey, which was administered to 1,450 participants by telephone and through face-to-face interviews in Western Texas and Southern New Mexico. Several […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on HIV and tuberculosis infection in San Francisco’s homeless adults. Prevalence and risk factors in a representative sample.[see comment]

HIV and tuberculosis infection in San Francisco’s homeless adults. Prevalence and risk factors in a representative sample.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE–To determine the prevalence and risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) infection and investigate the relationship between these two infections in homeless adults. DESIGN–Cross-sectional study. SETTING–Inner-city shelters and free meal programs. PARTICIPANTS–A representative sample of 1226 adults (> or = 18 years) were enrolled from community sites. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES–Serum HIV-1 […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Use of herbal medicine by elderly Hispanic and non-Hispanic white patients

Use of herbal medicine by elderly Hispanic and non-Hispanic white patients

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the types and prevalence of herbal medicines used by Hispanic and non-Hispanic white individuals aged 65 years and older. Secondary objectives were to compare herbal medicine use according to ethnicity, sex, age, socioeconomic status, and education level, and to determine patients’ beliefs about herbal medicines. Use of nonphysician health care providers […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Changes in fatal and near-fatal asthma in an urban area of South Africa from 1980-1997

Changes in fatal and near-fatal asthma in an urban area of South Africa from 1980-1997

Over the past two decades, changes in the health services designed to improve access to and quality of asthma care have occurred in South Africa. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of fatal and near-fatal asthma (NFA) from 1980-1997 in an urban part of South Africa. A retrospective analysis of fatal […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Assessment of bone mineral density in adults with a history of juvenile chronic arthritis: a cross-sectional long-term followup study.[see comment]

Assessment of bone mineral density in adults with a history of juvenile chronic arthritis: a cross-sectional long-term followup study.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE: To assess bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover in adults with a history of juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) or persistent JCA, and to identify predictors of reduced BMD. METHODS: Sixty-five white patients (mean age 32.2 years) with a history of JCA and 65 age-, sex-, height-, and weight-matched healthy control subjects participated in […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial and ethnic differences in microalbuminuria prevalence in a diabetes population: the pathways study

Racial and ethnic differences in microalbuminuria prevalence in a diabetes population: the pathways study

The objective of this study was to determine whether racial or ethnic differences in prevalence of diabetic microalbuminuria were observed in a large primary care population in which comparable access to health care exists. A cross-sectional analysis of survey and automated laboratory data 2969 primary care diabetic patients of a large regional health maintenance organization […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Workplace discrimination and alcohol consumption: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

Workplace discrimination and alcohol consumption: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

OBJECTIVE: There is evidence of an association between occupational stress and alcohol consumption. This study investigates the association between workplace racial discrimination and alcohol consumption in a sample of urban transit operators. METHODS: During 1993-1995, after undergoing a medical exam, 1,542 transit operators completed an interview. Depending on the outcome, we used logistic or linear […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Who gets diagnosed with asthma? Frequent wheeze among adolescents with and without a diagnosis of asthma

Who gets diagnosed with asthma? Frequent wheeze among adolescents with and without a diagnosis of asthma

OBJECTIVE: 1). To describe the factors associated with not receiving an asthma diagnosis among children with frequent wheezing symptoms and 2). to determine risk factors for frequent wheezing in the population. METHODS: The North Carolina School Asthma Survey provided self-reported questionnaire data on respiratory health from 122 829 children ages 12 to 18 years enrolled […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnic differences in parents’ perception of participatory decision-making style of their children’s physicians

Ethnic differences in parents’ perception of participatory decision-making style of their children’s physicians

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to test whether there are ethnic differences in parents’ perceptions of the participatory styles of their children’s physicians, and to determine how Hispanic ethnicity influences the factors that are correlated with the perceptions of participatory styles. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional telephone survey in 111 counties […]

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