12 May 2011 ~ 0 Comments

Closing The Gap: Increasing Access and Equity

The International Council of Nurses, a a federation of more than 130 national nurses associations, has released the Closing the gap:Increasing Access and Equity toolkit. The document looks at gaps in the health status and life expectancy between different populations. It also looks at the importance of the social determinants of health and the role […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Metal contamination of sediments and soils of Bayou Saint John: a potential health impact to local fishermen?

Metal contamination of sediments and soils of Bayou Saint John: a potential health impact to local fishermen?

This research examines the pattern of sediment contamination of an urban bayou of New Orleans (formerly a natural waterway) and the potential for human exposure from consumption of fish caught in the bayou. Sediments and soils of Bayou Saint John were evaluated for lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and cadmium (Cd). Sediment cores were collected at […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Demographic and lifestyle factors associated with body mass index among children and adolescents

Demographic and lifestyle factors associated with body mass index among children and adolescents

Cases of overweight and obesity among adults, adolescents, and children are escalating in the United States. Using data from the Continuing Survey of Food Intake for Individuals (CSFII) 1994-1996 and 1998, and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (NHANES), we developed multivariate regression models to examine the association between demographic and lifestyle variables […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Higher blood pressure in middle-aged American adults with less education-role of multiple dietary factors: the INTERMAP study

Higher blood pressure in middle-aged American adults with less education-role of multiple dietary factors: the INTERMAP study

Extensive evidence exists that an inverse relation between education and blood pressure prevails in many adult populations, but little research has been carried out on reasons for this finding. A prior goal of the INTERMAP Study was to investigate this phenomenon further, and to assess the role of dietary factors in accounting for it. Of […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on A pilot urban church-based programme to reduce risk factors for diabetes among Western Samoans in New Zealand

A pilot urban church-based programme to reduce risk factors for diabetes among Western Samoans in New Zealand

We have assessed the impact of a 2-year pilot church-base diabetes risk reduction programme on major lifestyle predictors of future Type 2 diabetes mellitus: exercise and weight control in a prospective non-randomized controlled study of a modular lifestyle and diabetes awareness intervention programme using a community development model. The study involved two complete church congregations […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Dietary implications of oral health decrements among African-American and white older adults

Dietary implications of oral health decrements among African-American and white older adults

OBJECTIVE: Older African-Americans are at disproportionate risk of chronic, nutritionally-related diseases. To begin to understand factors that may contribute to the disproportionate prevalence of life-threatening illnesses among African-Americans, this study investigates ethnic differences in the prevalence of oral health decrements. DESIGN: The Florida Dental Care Study (FDCS), a longitudinal study of changes in the oral […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Dietary acculturation: applications to nutrition research and dietetics

Dietary acculturation: applications to nutrition research and dietetics

The US immigrant population is growing dramatically, making the health status of racial/ethnic minorities an increasingly important public health issue. Immigration to the United States is usually accompanied by environmental and lifestyle changes that can markedly increase chronic disease risk. In particular, adoption of US dietary patterns that tend to be high in fat and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in visceral adipose tissue but not anthropometric markers of health-related variables

Racial differences in visceral adipose tissue but not anthropometric markers of health-related variables

This study sought to determine whether visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and/or its anthropometric surrogates could significantly predict health-related variables (HRV) in overweight Caucasian (CC) (n = 36) and African-American (AA) (n = 30) women. With the use of magnetic resonance imaging, findings showed significantly higher volume and area of VAT (P < 0.0001 for both) […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Issues in achieving compliance with antihypertensive treatment in the Latino population

Issues in achieving compliance with antihypertensive treatment in the Latino population

Latino Americans are the largest growing ethnic minority group in the United States. The level of awareness and control of hypertension among Latino Americans has remained virtually unchanged in the past 20 years. Untreated hypertension often progresses and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Hypertension control can be achieved with simple and well-tolerated […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors as risk factors for overweight in adolescence

Diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors as risk factors for overweight in adolescence

BACKGROUND: The proportion of overweight adolescents has increased, but the behavioral risk factors for overweight youth are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To examine how diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors relate to overweight status in adolescents. DESIGN AND SETTING: Baseline data from the Patient-Centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise Plus Nutrition Project, a randomized controlled […]

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