04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial residential segregation: a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health

Racial residential segregation: a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health

Racial residential segregation is a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health. The physical separation of the races by enforced residence in certain areas is an institutional mechanism of racism that was designed to protect whites from social interaction with blacks. Despite the absence of supportive legal statutes, the degree of residential segregation remains extremely […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Growing population diversity challenges New York State dentists

Growing population diversity challenges New York State dentists

Minority populations are becoming an increasingly larger component of the general population. A review of 2000 Census demographic-related data for the increasing number of minority children in New York State presents concerns regarding parental household living arrangements, family income, neighborhood characteristics, parental employment, education and disability rates. As minority populations increase in size, their children […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Functional status and overall quality of life in a multiethnic HIV-positive population

Functional status and overall quality of life in a multiethnic HIV-positive population

The objective of this study was to examine the sociodemographic and behavioral variables associated with quality of life (QOL) among multiethnic, economically disadvantaged patients with HIV/AIDS. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a large inner-city HIV/AIDS clinic serving medically indigent residents of Houston, Texas, and the surrounding area. On arrival at the clinic, patients were […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Dental expenditures and source of payment by race/ethnicity and other sociodemographic characteristics

Dental expenditures and source of payment by race/ethnicity and other sociodemographic characteristics

OBJECTIVE: This study presents race/ethnic-specific distributions of dental expenditures and their sources of payment by socioeconomic characteristics among US working-age adults. METHODS: Data for persons aged 19-64 years from the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey (NMES) (n = 18,696) were used to calculate mean dental expenditures and their 95 percent confidence intervals. RESULTS: Dental expenditures […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Productivity and economic burden associated with diabetes

Productivity and economic burden associated with diabetes

OBJECTIVES: This report assessed the cost and burden of diabetes in broad terms of economic status, underlying disability, and barriers to health care–that is, as reflected in employment, income, disability days, general health status, and access to medical care. METHODS: We used the 1990 to 1995 Behavioral Risk Factor Survey in Oklahoma to compare persons […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Immigration and unemployment in Australia

Immigration and unemployment in Australia

“This article is presented in two parts. The first contains a discussion of Australia’s migration programme, its different categories and changes in intakes. It also deals with the contribution made by immigration to the size of the labour force….The second part deals with the effect of immigration on the unemployment rate and concludes that its […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The social ecology of syphilis

The social ecology of syphilis

Factors affecting the transmission of syphilis can be categorized into those acting at the level of individuals (e.g., number of sex partners) and others at the level of the sociophysical environment (e.g., availability of treatment services for curable infections). In a prior study, we identified several sociophysical factors correlated with the ten-year mean syphilis rate […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Clinician support and psychosocial risk factors associated with breastfeeding discontinuation

Clinician support and psychosocial risk factors associated with breastfeeding discontinuation

OBJECTIVE: Breastfeeding rates fall short of goals set in Healthy People 2010 and other national recommendations. The current, national breastfeeding continuation rate of 29% at 6 months lags behind the Healthy People 2010 goal of 50%. The objective of this study was to evaluate associations between breastfeeding discontinuation at 2 and 12 weeks postpartum and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Health promotion interests of women with disabilities

Health promotion interests of women with disabilities

The number of women with disabilities (WWD) in the United States is substantial and growing. Health promotion education can play a key role in the achievement of optimal health and well-being for this population. A preliminary step in planning educational programs is to identify health promotion topics of interest to this target population. This study […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Self-concept in adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a cooperative Children’s Cancer Group and National Institutes of Health study

Self-concept in adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a cooperative Children’s Cancer Group and National Institutes of Health study

BACKGROUND: Self-concept was compared between adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and sibling controls. Adult survivor subgroups at greatest risk for negative self-concept were identified. PROCEDURE: Survivors (n = 578) aged > or =18 years, treated before age 20 years on Children’s Cancer Group (CCG) ALL protocols, and 396 sibling controls completed a […]

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