04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Disparities in exposure to air pollution during pregnancy

Disparities in exposure to air pollution during pregnancy

Previous research shows poorer birth outcomes for racial and ethnic minorities and for persons with low socioeconomic status (SES). We evaluated whether mothers in groups at higher risk for poor birth outcomes live in areas of higher air pollution and whether higher exposure to air pollution contributes to poor birth outcomes. An index representing long-term […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on A school-based strategy to assess children’s environmental exposures and related health effects in economically disadvantaged urban neighborhoods

A school-based strategy to assess children’s environmental exposures and related health effects in economically disadvantaged urban neighborhoods

The School Health Initiative: Environment, Learning, Disease (SHIELD) study is a novel school-based investigation of children’s environmental health in economically disadvantaged urban neighborhoods of Minneapolis. This article describes the study design and summarizes lessons learned about recruiting and monitoring this historically understudied population. The SHIELD study focused on measuring children’s exposures to multiple environmental stressors […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on An exposure assessment of PM10 from a major highway interchange: are children in nearby schools at risk?

An exposure assessment of PM10 from a major highway interchange: are children in nearby schools at risk?

In urban areas, elementary schools may be in close proximity to major roadways. Major roadways have been shown to be a significant source of particulate (PM10) air pollution. In several recent studies, particulate air pollution has been demonstrated to be an important factor associated with negative respiratory health effects, especially in minority children. In response […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Traffic density in California: socioeconomic and ethnic differences among potentially exposed children

Traffic density in California: socioeconomic and ethnic differences among potentially exposed children

Motor vehicles are the main source of many hazardous air pollutants in California. Previous studies have shown that low-income and minority populations are more likely to live near industrial sources of pollution and in areas that do not meet national air quality standards. We estimated neighborhood exposures to motor vehicle emissions from a road network […]

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