04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Identifying underserved ethnic populations within a community: the first step in eliminating health care disparities among racial and ethnic minorities

Identifying underserved ethnic populations within a community: the first step in eliminating health care disparities among racial and ethnic minorities

As set forth by the United States Department of Health and Human Services in Healthy People 2010, the primary goal of the national health promotion and disease prevention plan is to eliminate the health care disparities among racial and ethnic groups. This disparity is due, in part, to unequal health access. However, equal access to […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Initiatives for improving mental health services to ethnic minorities in Australia

Initiatives for improving mental health services to ethnic minorities in Australia

Several major policy initiatives have been undertaken in Victoria, Australia’s second-largest state, to address difficulties in providing accessible and culturally sensitive mental health services to ethnic minorities. These initiatives include the development and publication of a policy statement, alteration of funding formulas to take into account populations of persons with non-English-speaking backgrounds, incentive funding mechanisms, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Variation of fetal humeral length in second-trimester fetuses according to race and ethnicity

Variation of fetal humeral length in second-trimester fetuses according to race and ethnicity

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of race and ethnicity on the expected humeral length based on biparietal diameter measured in second-trimester fetuses. METHODS: We searched our ultrasound, obstetric, and cytogenetic databases from 1995 through 2001 for all fetuses who underwent an anatomic survey between 15 and 22 weeks’ gestation. Fetuses with Down syndrome were identified […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Cultural competency as it intersects with racial/ethnic, linguistic, and class disparities in managed healthcare organizations

Cultural competency as it intersects with racial/ethnic, linguistic, and class disparities in managed healthcare organizations

Culture in and of itself is not the most central variable in the patient-provider encounter. The effect of culture is most pronounced when it intersects with low education, low literacy skills, limited proficiency in English, culture-specific values regarding the authority of the physician, and poor assertiveness skills. These dimensions require attention in Medicaid managed care […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Integrating research on racial and ethnic disparities in health care over place and time.[comment]

Integrating research on racial and ethnic disparities in health care over place and time.[comment]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in urban transit operators: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

Racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in urban transit operators: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

OBJECTIVE: A growing body of literature is documenting the health effects of racial discrimination. The authors investigated the association between racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in a sample of urban transit operators. METHODS: Using data from a 1993-1995 cross-sectional study of transit operators in San Francisco, California, the authors analyzed responses to two sets of […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Effect of ethnicity and race on the use of pain medications in children with long bone fractures in the emergency department

Effect of ethnicity and race on the use of pain medications in children with long bone fractures in the emergency department

STUDY OBJECTIVES: We characterize the use of analgesics among children of different race and ethnicity who had isolated long bone fractures that were treated in emergency departments (EDs) across the United States. METHODS: According to ED survey data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey for 1992 through 1998, patients younger than 19 years […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Language barriers and access to care

Language barriers and access to care

The purpose of this chapter is to examine how language barriers contribute to health disparities among ethnic and racial minorities in the United States. A literature search was systematically conducted using selected computer databases (MEDLINE and CINAHL). Searches were limited to English-language-published research in the years from 1985 to 2003. A total of 47 published […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Risks of selected congenital malformations among offspring of mixed race-ethnicity

Risks of selected congenital malformations among offspring of mixed race-ethnicity

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the occurrence of specific congenital malformations among offspring of mixed race-ethnicity. METHODS: Using data from a population-based registry, we explored the occurrence of selected malformation phenotypes in offspring to parents who were of different race-ethnicity. Data were derived from the California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, a population-based active surveillance system […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The impact of socioeconomic status on health disparities in the United States

The impact of socioeconomic status on health disparities in the United States

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