12 May 2011 ~ 0 Comments

Closing The Gap: Increasing Access and Equity

The International Council of Nurses, a a federation of more than 130 national nurses associations, has released the Closing the gap:Increasing Access and Equity toolkit. The document looks at gaps in the health status and life expectancy between different populations. It also looks at the importance of the social determinants of health and the role […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Elderly health disparities on the U.S.-Mexico border

Elderly health disparities on the U.S.-Mexico border

The Ageless Health Needs Assessment is a multi-phase project designed to assess the health and quality of life of the 60 and older population along the U.S.-Mexico border. The present study used a health survey, which was administered to 1,450 participants by telephone and through face-to-face interviews in Western Texas and Southern New Mexico. Several […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnic characteristics of mental disorders in five U.S. communities

Ethnic characteristics of mental disorders in five U.S. communities

The study examined the ethnic ratio of 16 DSM-III mental disorders among White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian Americans. A total of 18,126 residents from 5 sites and 2,939 residents from the Epidemiological Catchment Area’s Los Angeles site were studied separately. Logistic regression analysis was performed. Results showed that Blacks were significantly less likely than Whites […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in self-assessed health problems, depressive cognitions, and learned resourcefulness

Racial differences in self-assessed health problems, depressive cognitions, and learned resourcefulness

The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in self-assessed health problems, depressive cognitions, and learned resourcefulness in functionally independent older adults, including 30 Black and 30 White elders age 65 and over. Data were collected during structured face-to-face interviews. The two groups were similar in age, gender, education, and income. Results revealed that […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Worsening trends in adult health-related quality of life and self-rated health-United States, 1993-2001.[see comment]

Worsening trends in adult health-related quality of life and self-rated health-United States, 1993-2001.[see comment]

OBJECTIVES: Health-related quality of life and self-rated health complement mortality and morbidity as measures used in tracking changes and disparities in population health. The objectives of this study were to determine whether and how health-related quality of life and self-rated health changed overall in U.S. adults and in specific sociodemographic and geographic groups from 1993 […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Emotional and physical health of spouse caregivers of persons with Alzheimer’s disease and stroke

Emotional and physical health of spouse caregivers of persons with Alzheimer’s disease and stroke

Providing care for a cognitively impaired spouse can adversely affect caregivers’ health. It is not known how early in the caregiver’s ‘career’ emotional and physical health deteriorates. The progressive deterioration associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) may have different effects on caregivers’ health when compared with the potential recovery following a stroke. An exploratory study was […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Why reduce health inequalities?

Why reduce health inequalities?

It is well known that social, cultural and economic factors cause substantial inequalities in health. Should we strive to achieve a more even share of good health, beyond improving the average health status of the population? We examine four arguments for the reduction of health inequalities.1 Inequalities are unfair. Inequalities in health are undesirable to […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial and ethnic differences in patients’ preferences for initial care by specialists

Racial and ethnic differences in patients’ preferences for initial care by specialists

PURPOSE: To examine racial and ethnic differences in patients’ preferences for initial care by specialists, and to determine whether trust in the physician and health beliefs account for these differences. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 646 patients in the waiting room of three academic-based internal medicine outpatient practices. We asked subjects about their […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Disparities in HIV treatment and physician attitudes about delaying protease inhibitors for nonadherent patients

Disparities in HIV treatment and physician attitudes about delaying protease inhibitors for nonadherent patients

BACKGROUND: Current HIV treatment guidelines recommend delaying antiretroviral therapy for nonadherent patients, which some fear may disproportionately affect certain populations and contribute to disparities in care. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship of physician’s attitude toward prescribing protease inhibitors (PIs) to nonadherent patients with disparities in PI use and with health outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The concept of race and health status in America

The concept of race and health status in America

Race is an unscientific, societally constructed taxonomy that is based on an ideology that views some human population groups as inherently superior to others on the basis of external physical characteristics or geographic origin. The concept of race is socially meaningful but of limited biological significance. Racial or ethnic variations in health status result primarily […]

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