04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Elderly health disparities on the U.S.-Mexico border

Elderly health disparities on the U.S.-Mexico border

The Ageless Health Needs Assessment is a multi-phase project designed to assess the health and quality of life of the 60 and older population along the U.S.-Mexico border. The present study used a health survey, which was administered to 1,450 participants by telephone and through face-to-face interviews in Western Texas and Southern New Mexico. Several […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Worsening trends in adult health-related quality of life and self-rated health-United States, 1993-2001.[see comment]

Worsening trends in adult health-related quality of life and self-rated health-United States, 1993-2001.[see comment]

OBJECTIVES: Health-related quality of life and self-rated health complement mortality and morbidity as measures used in tracking changes and disparities in population health. The objectives of this study were to determine whether and how health-related quality of life and self-rated health changed overall in U.S. adults and in specific sociodemographic and geographic groups from 1993 […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Health data issues for Hispanics: implications for public health research

Health data issues for Hispanics: implications for public health research

The limited availability of Hispanic health data has hampered the development of targeted public health policies. Hispanics represent 11.5 percent of the population and are projected to become the largest minority group in the United States by the year 2010. This paper explores current issues in Hispanic health data collection, examines methodological concerns, and presents […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Heroin use among Miami’s public school students, 1992: peers and the “drug subculture” overwhelm parents, religion and schools

Heroin use among Miami’s public school students, 1992: peers and the “drug subculture” overwhelm parents, religion and schools

This analysis examines the use of heroin by 481 adolescents in Dade County, Florida public schools during 1992. Statistically significant factors which tend to increase the probability of heroin use by adolescents include: peer use of heroin and students’ involvement in school clubs. Not significantly related to heroin use is their access to the drug, […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Factors associated with adolescent utilization of alcohol treatment services

Factors associated with adolescent utilization of alcohol treatment services

OBJECTIVE: This study examined factors associated with adolescents’ use of alcohol treatment services. METHOD: Data on adolescents (aged 12-17) from the 1994 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA, N = 4,698), a large representative sample of the U.S. population, were used in this study. Information obtained from the survey included adolescent alcohol use, drinking […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Race, ethnicity, and depression in Canadian society

Race, ethnicity, and depression in Canadian society

This study examines racial/ethnic differences in mental health using data from the 1996-97 National Population Health Survey. Three hypotheses are tested. First, a socioeconomic hypothesis tests if differences in family income, education, and low income explain racial/ethnic mental health variation. Second, a social resources hypothesis tests if differences in social support explain racial/ethnic mental health […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Nondaily smokers: a descriptive analysis

Nondaily smokers: a descriptive analysis

To describe the characteristics of persons in the United States who smoke but do not smoke daily, we analyzed 1997-1998 data from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The NHIS collects self-reported information on cigarette smoking from a representative sample of the U.S. civilian, noninstitutionalized population aged 18 years or older through in-home surveys. Nondaily […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Inhalant abuse and dependence among adolescents in the United States

Inhalant abuse and dependence among adolescents in the United States

OBJECTIVE: To examine the patterns of inhalant use and correlates of the progression from inhalant use to abuse and dependence among adolescents aged 12 to 17. METHOD: Study data were drawn from the 2000 and 2001 National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse. Multinominal logistic regression was used to identify the characteristics associated with progression to […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Leisure time activity of Mexican Americans with diabetes

Leisure time activity of Mexican Americans with diabetes

BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a worldwide health problem with increasing prevalence, particularly among ethnic minorities. Activity is a major component of diabetes management that can help to prevent the deadly complications of the disease. Assessment of the activities in which individuals with diabetes from specific ethnic groups such as Mexican Americans engage may facilitate identification of […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Contribution of major diseases to disparities in mortality

Contribution of major diseases to disparities in mortality

BACKGROUND: Mortality from all causes is higher for persons with fewer years of education and for blacks, but it is unknown which diseases contribute most to these disparities. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific risks of death from data from the National Health Interview Survey conducted from 1986 through 1994 and from linked vital statistics. Using these […]

Continue Reading