04 May 2011 ~ 0 Comments

County Health Calculator

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation along with the Virginia Commonwealth University‚Äôs Center on Human Needs has put together the County Health Calculator to illustrate the connection between social factors and health. The County Health Calculator is an interactive, online application that shows by county, the impact that education and income have on the health and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in urban transit operators: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

Racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in urban transit operators: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

OBJECTIVE: A growing body of literature is documenting the health effects of racial discrimination. The authors investigated the association between racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in a sample of urban transit operators. METHODS: Using data from a 1993-1995 cross-sectional study of transit operators in San Francisco, California, the authors analyzed responses to two sets of […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Race and differences in breast cancer survival in a managed care population.[see comment]

Race and differences in breast cancer survival in a managed care population.[see comment]

BACKGROUND: African-American women with breast cancer have poorer survival than European-American women. After adjustment for socioeconomic variables, survival differences diminish but do not disappear, possibly because of residual differences in health care access, biology, or behavior. This study compared breast cancer survival in African-American and European-American women with similar health care access. METHODS: We measured […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Determinants of health care use by children in rural western North Carolina: results from the Mountain Accessibility Project

Determinants of health care use by children in rural western North Carolina: results from the Mountain Accessibility Project

OBJECTIVE: To assess determinants of health care visits among children in a 12-county region of western North Carolina representative of rural areas in the United States. METHODS: Households were randomly selected for surveys of household characteristics, health status, and health care use. Surveys were conducted June 1999 to January 2000 and were stratified for children […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Disparities in HIV treatment and physician attitudes about delaying protease inhibitors for nonadherent patients

Disparities in HIV treatment and physician attitudes about delaying protease inhibitors for nonadherent patients

BACKGROUND: Current HIV treatment guidelines recommend delaying antiretroviral therapy for nonadherent patients, which some fear may disproportionately affect certain populations and contribute to disparities in care. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship of physician’s attitude toward prescribing protease inhibitors (PIs) to nonadherent patients with disparities in PI use and with health outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Social sources of racial disparities in health

Social sources of racial disparities in health

Racial disparities in mortality over time reflect divergent pathways to the current large racial disparities in health. The residential concentration of African Americans is high and distinctive, and the related inequities in neighborhood environments, socioeconomic circumstances, and medical care are important factors in initiating and maintaining racial disparities in health. Efforts are needed to identify […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The impact of income on children’s and adolescents’ preventive dental visits

The impact of income on children’s and adolescents’ preventive dental visits

INTRODUCTION: Limited information is available on the effect of income level on whether people visit a dentist for preventive care, whereas more has been written regarding the effect of income on “any” dental visits–which may include emergencies. Also, little is known of the effects of “near-poor” income (101 to 200 percent of the U.S. federal […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Growing population diversity challenges New York State dentists

Growing population diversity challenges New York State dentists

Minority populations are becoming an increasingly larger component of the general population. A review of 2000 Census demographic-related data for the increasing number of minority children in New York State presents concerns regarding parental household living arrangements, family income, neighborhood characteristics, parental employment, education and disability rates. As minority populations increase in size, their children […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Explaining the differences in income-related health inequalities across European countries

Explaining the differences in income-related health inequalities across European countries

This paper provides new evidence on the sources of differences in the degree of income-related inequalities in self-assessed health in 13 European Union member states. It goes beyond earlier work by measuring health using an interval regression approach to compute concentration indices and by decomposing inequality into its determining factors. New and more comparable data […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Dental expenditures and source of payment by race/ethnicity and other sociodemographic characteristics

Dental expenditures and source of payment by race/ethnicity and other sociodemographic characteristics

OBJECTIVE: This study presents race/ethnic-specific distributions of dental expenditures and their sources of payment by socioeconomic characteristics among US working-age adults. METHODS: Data for persons aged 19-64 years from the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey (NMES) (n = 18,696) were used to calculate mean dental expenditures and their 95 percent confidence intervals. RESULTS: Dental expenditures […]

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