20 September 2011 ~ 0 Comments

Segregated Spaces, Risky Places: The Effects of Racial Segregation on Health Inequalities

Thomas A. LaVeist Darrell Gaskin Antonio J. Trujillo This report from the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies looks at the relationship between residential segregation and health inequalities and health disparities. Please see the full report at the following link: Segragated Spaces Report Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, with support from Poverty […]

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14 July 2011 ~ 0 Comments

Can Health Care Information Technology Save Babies?

Researchers at the University of Virginia and The Massachusetts Institute of Technology found that by increasing basic electronic medical records (EMRs)  adoption by 10 %, hospitals would contribute at reducing the neonatal mortality by 16 deaths per 100,000 live births. The study goes on to show that implementation of HIT technology might help some population […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The impact of socioeconomic status on health disparities in the United States

The impact of socioeconomic status on health disparities in the United States

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Confronting racial disparities in infant mortality: reconciling science and politics

Confronting racial disparities in infant mortality: reconciling science and politics

The public debate surrounding disparities in infant mortality has resulted from a profound failure to seek a common wisdom. Because of its essential social roots, infant mortality will always remain the province of fundamental ideological and political conflict. However, without a more integrated analytic approach, progress in reducing disparate infant mortality will remain limited by […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The importance of extreme prematurity and low birthweight to US neonatal mortality patterns: implications for prenatal care and women’s health

The importance of extreme prematurity and low birthweight to US neonatal mortality patterns: implications for prenatal care and women’s health

OBJECTIVE: In order to frame the appropriateness of neonatal mortality reduction efforts that begin only after pregnancy is recognized, this study examined the relative contributions of different gestational age and birthweight groups to total neonatal mortality and to racial disparities in neonatal mortality in the United States. METHODS: Using the national linked birth/infant death data […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Justifications and needs for diversity in orthopaedics

Justifications and needs for diversity in orthopaedics

America is founded on high humanitarian, democratic ideals. The historic facts of slavery, discrimination, and segregation challenge and taint these democratic principles. Although progress has been made, serious racial problems remain. In 1997, the United States had 474 active hate groups, up 20% from 1996. African American males who have the same education as white […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in the relationship between infant mortality and socioeconomic status

Racial differences in the relationship between infant mortality and socioeconomic status

This paper presents an ecological analysis of the relationship between infant mortality and economic status by race in metropolitan Ohio, using census data on mother’s residence, and economic status determined by the percentage of low income families living in each area. White-non-white comparisons for total infant mortality are examined for the US censuses of 1960, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Eliminating health disparities: our mission, our vision, our cause

Eliminating health disparities: our mission, our vision, our cause

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Urban poverty and infant-health disparities among African Americans and whites in Milwaukee.[see comment]

Urban poverty and infant-health disparities among African Americans and whites in Milwaukee.[see comment]

This study examined neighborhood and infant health disparities between African-American and white mothers in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Census-block data were used for 1990 and Vital Statistics data were used for 1992 through 1994. African-American mothers lived in less desirable, more segregated neighborhoods than white mothers did in 1990. African-American infant and neonatal mortality rates were twice […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Primary care, infant mortality, and low birth weight in the states of the USA

Primary care, infant mortality, and low birth weight in the states of the USA

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The study tests the extent to which primary care physician supply (office based primary care physicians per 10 000 population) moderates the association between social inequalities and infant mortality and low birth weight throughout the 50 states of the USA. DESIGN: Pooled cross sectional, time series analysis of secondary data. Analyses controlled for […]

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