04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Tinker, tailor, soldier, patient: work attributes and depression disparities among young adults

Tinker, tailor, soldier, patient: work attributes and depression disparities among young adults

Prior studies have consistently found the occurrence of depression to be higher among persons with lower socio-economic status (SES), but causal mechanisms for this relationship are often not well understood. For example, while depression has been shown to increase during spells of unemployment, little work has been done on job attributes that may be related […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on HIV and tuberculosis infection in San Francisco’s homeless adults. Prevalence and risk factors in a representative sample.[see comment]

HIV and tuberculosis infection in San Francisco’s homeless adults. Prevalence and risk factors in a representative sample.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE–To determine the prevalence and risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) infection and investigate the relationship between these two infections in homeless adults. DESIGN–Cross-sectional study. SETTING–Inner-city shelters and free meal programs. PARTICIPANTS–A representative sample of 1226 adults (> or = 18 years) were enrolled from community sites. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES–Serum HIV-1 […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Use of herbal medicine by elderly Hispanic and non-Hispanic white patients

Use of herbal medicine by elderly Hispanic and non-Hispanic white patients

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the types and prevalence of herbal medicines used by Hispanic and non-Hispanic white individuals aged 65 years and older. Secondary objectives were to compare herbal medicine use according to ethnicity, sex, age, socioeconomic status, and education level, and to determine patients’ beliefs about herbal medicines. Use of nonphysician health care providers […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing an acute myocardial infarction are known to delay seeking treatment between 2 and 4 hours. This delay is problematic because individuals who receive treatment 2 or more hours after the onset of symptoms are less likely to benefit from emergent reperfusion techniques. Persons most likely to delay seeking treatment for an acute […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Impact of health insurance status on vaccination coverage in children 19-35 months old, United States, 1993-1996

Impact of health insurance status on vaccination coverage in children 19-35 months old, United States, 1993-1996

OBJECTIVES: To show how health insurance (privately and publicly insured, insured and uninsured) relates to vaccination coverage in children 19-35 months old, and how this can be used to better target public health interventions. METHODS: The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) gathers information on the health and health care of the U.S. non-institutionalized population through […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Race-ethnicity-specific waist circumference cutoffs for identifying cardiovascular disease risk factors

Race-ethnicity-specific waist circumference cutoffs for identifying cardiovascular disease risk factors

BACKGROUND: Waist circumferences (WCs) in white men and women that represent a risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) equivalent to that of body mass indexes (BMIs; in kg/m2) of 25 and 30 have been identified. However, WC cutoffs for other race-ethnicity groups remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine WC cutoffs for CVD risk in […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Assessment of bone mineral density in adults with a history of juvenile chronic arthritis: a cross-sectional long-term followup study.[see comment]

Assessment of bone mineral density in adults with a history of juvenile chronic arthritis: a cross-sectional long-term followup study.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE: To assess bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover in adults with a history of juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) or persistent JCA, and to identify predictors of reduced BMD. METHODS: Sixty-five white patients (mean age 32.2 years) with a history of JCA and 65 age-, sex-, height-, and weight-matched healthy control subjects participated in […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on A breast cancer education and on-site screening intervention for unscreened African American women

A breast cancer education and on-site screening intervention for unscreened African American women

BACKGROUND: This study tested a breast cancer education intervention for African American women with poor screening histories. Disparities in rates of later-stage disease and death may be related to lower screening rates due to behavioral (e.g., knowledge gap) and structural (e.g., access) barriers. METHODS: 94 African American women (low-income, poor screening histories) were randomly assigned […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Workplace discrimination and alcohol consumption: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

Workplace discrimination and alcohol consumption: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

OBJECTIVE: There is evidence of an association between occupational stress and alcohol consumption. This study investigates the association between workplace racial discrimination and alcohol consumption in a sample of urban transit operators. METHODS: During 1993-1995, after undergoing a medical exam, 1,542 transit operators completed an interview. Depending on the outcome, we used logistic or linear […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Effect of ethnicity and race on the use of pain medications in children with long bone fractures in the emergency department

Effect of ethnicity and race on the use of pain medications in children with long bone fractures in the emergency department

STUDY OBJECTIVES: We characterize the use of analgesics among children of different race and ethnicity who had isolated long bone fractures that were treated in emergency departments (EDs) across the United States. METHODS: According to ED survey data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey for 1992 through 1998, patients younger than 19 years […]

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