04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Responses to a drug and alcohol problem assessment for primary care by ethnicity

Responses to a drug and alcohol problem assessment for primary care by ethnicity

Differences in responses by ethnic group to The Drug Abuse Problem Assessment for Primary Care (DAPA-PC) were examined. The DAPA-PC is a self-administered (via computer), internet-based screening instrument with automatic scoring, patient profile for medical reference, and unique motivational messages. Results indicate differences between blacks and whites on responses to several items in these instruments. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Mammograms and Pap smears for Australian deaf women

Mammograms and Pap smears for Australian deaf women

This study aimed to assess baseline knowledge about mammograms and Pap smears among Australian Deaf women, to investigate their participation in breast and cervical cancer screening services, and to explore, where relevant, their perceptions about their access to breast and cervical screening services. An interview schedule was developed, and a convenience sample of 13 Deaf […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Five-year impact of quality improvement for depression: results of a group-level randomized controlled trial

Five-year impact of quality improvement for depression: results of a group-level randomized controlled trial

BACKGROUND: Quality improvement (QI) programs for depressed primary care patients can improve health outcomes for 6 to 28 months; effects for longer than 28 months are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess how QI for depression affects health outcomes, quality of care, and health outcome disparities at 57-month follow-up. DESIGN: A group-level randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Forty-six […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Breast health information needs of women from minority ethnic groups

Breast health information needs of women from minority ethnic groups

BACKGROUND: For women from minority ethnic groups to make informed decisions about their health, and particularly about whether to participate in breast cancer screening programmes, access to a range of appropriately designed high quality, culturally-specific and sensitive health information is needed. AIMS: Through a critical review of the literature, this paper aims to determine the […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Finding incident breast cancer cases through US claims data and a state cancer registry

Finding incident breast cancer cases through US claims data and a state cancer registry

OBJECTIVE: With the increasing availability of automated health-care data, new methods are available to screen large populations for the presence of cancer diagnoses. However, it is crucial to evaluate how completely incident cancer cases can be ascertained using these data sources. METHODS: We used capture-recapture techniques to estimate the total number of incident breast cancer […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Hepatitis C screening and prevalence among urban public safety workers.[see comment]

Hepatitis C screening and prevalence among urban public safety workers.[see comment]

This study examines the prevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus by using an enzyme-linked immunoassay test (EIA-2) in 2447 volunteers (including 1560 police, 678 fire, and 209 emergency medical service personnel) and a self-reported questionnaire on potential occupational and non-occupational risk factors. Subjects consisted of 76% men, 54.8% blacks, and 40.3% whites. Twenty-eight individuals (1.1%) tested […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Cancer in U.S. ethnic and racial minority populations

Cancer in U.S. ethnic and racial minority populations

Discoveries, breakthroughs, and advances made in the area of cancer prevention and cancer control over the last 2 decades have led to declines in the rates of cancer incidence and mortality and increases in life expectancy and survival for many cancer patients. However, although the trends relative to cancer incidence, mortality, and 5-year survival for […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Intimate partner violence: a culturally sensitive approach

Intimate partner violence: a culturally sensitive approach

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Chronic hepatitis C virus and the Hispanic community: cultural factors impacting care

Chronic hepatitis C virus and the Hispanic community: cultural factors impacting care

Hispanics are one of the fastest growing ethnic minorities in the United States. Estimates suggest there are 32.8 million Hispanics in the United States, comprising 12% of the population. Hispanics have a 40% greater chance of being infected with hepatitis C virus than the general population. In fact, chronic liver disease is the seventh highest […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The performance of a risk score as a screening test for undiagnosed hyperglycemia in ethnic minority groups: data from the 1999 health survey for England

The performance of a risk score as a screening test for undiagnosed hyperglycemia in ethnic minority groups: data from the 1999 health survey for England

OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of the Cambridge Risk Score (CRS) to predict undiagnosed hyperglycemia in Caribbean and South Asian people living in the U.K. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The CRS uses routinely available data from primary care records to identify people at high risk for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes. The sensitivity, specificity, and area […]

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