04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Elderly health disparities on the U.S.-Mexico border

Elderly health disparities on the U.S.-Mexico border

The Ageless Health Needs Assessment is a multi-phase project designed to assess the health and quality of life of the 60 and older population along the U.S.-Mexico border. The present study used a health survey, which was administered to 1,450 participants by telephone and through face-to-face interviews in Western Texas and Southern New Mexico. Several […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Changes in access to care, 1977-1996: the role of health insurance

Changes in access to care, 1977-1996: the role of health insurance

OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in Americans’ access to care over the last 20 years focusing on the uninsured, Hispanic American, and young adult populations, and to analyze the factors underlying these changes with a particular focus on the role of health insurance. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data from the 1977 National Medical Care Expenditure Survey, the […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Impact of race and ethnicity on ischemic stroke. The University of California at San Diego Stroke Data Bank

Impact of race and ethnicity on ischemic stroke. The University of California at San Diego Stroke Data Bank

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As the US minority population continues to grow, increasing numbers of nonwhite citizens are at risk for stroke. A better understanding of how ischemic stroke differs in the minority populations may lead to more effective clinical management. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 542 consecutive patients (416 whites, 71 Mexican Americans, 55 blacks) presenting […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The Patterns of Care Survey of radiation therapy in localized prostate cancer: similarities between the practice nationally and in minority-rich areas

The Patterns of Care Survey of radiation therapy in localized prostate cancer: similarities between the practice nationally and in minority-rich areas

PURPOSE: Over the last two decades, the chance for the cure of localized prostate cancer by radiation has been improved by the widespread use of PSA for early detection and by a number of technical advances in treatment delivery. This study was designed to determine whether the stage of presentation and the quality of radiation […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on HIV and tuberculosis infection in San Francisco’s homeless adults. Prevalence and risk factors in a representative sample.[see comment]

HIV and tuberculosis infection in San Francisco’s homeless adults. Prevalence and risk factors in a representative sample.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE–To determine the prevalence and risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) infection and investigate the relationship between these two infections in homeless adults. DESIGN–Cross-sectional study. SETTING–Inner-city shelters and free meal programs. PARTICIPANTS–A representative sample of 1226 adults (> or = 18 years) were enrolled from community sites. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES–Serum HIV-1 […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing an acute myocardial infarction are known to delay seeking treatment between 2 and 4 hours. This delay is problematic because individuals who receive treatment 2 or more hours after the onset of symptoms are less likely to benefit from emergent reperfusion techniques. Persons most likely to delay seeking treatment for an acute […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnic characteristics of mental disorders in five U.S. communities

Ethnic characteristics of mental disorders in five U.S. communities

The study examined the ethnic ratio of 16 DSM-III mental disorders among White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian Americans. A total of 18,126 residents from 5 sites and 2,939 residents from the Epidemiological Catchment Area’s Los Angeles site were studied separately. Logistic regression analysis was performed. Results showed that Blacks were significantly less likely than Whites […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?

Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?

This study introduces the concentration index (CI) to assess socioeconomic inequality in the distribution of obesity among American adults aged 18-60 years old. The CI provides a summary measure of socioeconomic inequality, and enabled comparisons across gender, age, and ethnicity. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-1994 (NHANES III) were used. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Changes in fatal and near-fatal asthma in an urban area of South Africa from 1980-1997

Changes in fatal and near-fatal asthma in an urban area of South Africa from 1980-1997

Over the past two decades, changes in the health services designed to improve access to and quality of asthma care have occurred in South Africa. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of fatal and near-fatal asthma (NFA) from 1980-1997 in an urban part of South Africa. A retrospective analysis of fatal […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Assessment of bone mineral density in adults with a history of juvenile chronic arthritis: a cross-sectional long-term followup study.[see comment]

Assessment of bone mineral density in adults with a history of juvenile chronic arthritis: a cross-sectional long-term followup study.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE: To assess bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover in adults with a history of juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) or persistent JCA, and to identify predictors of reduced BMD. METHODS: Sixty-five white patients (mean age 32.2 years) with a history of JCA and 65 age-, sex-, height-, and weight-matched healthy control subjects participated in […]

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