12 February 2011 ~ 0 Comments

A Population-Based Study of Sexual Orientation Identity and Gender Differences in Adult Health

A study based on Massachusetts data which discusses disparities in sexual orientation. Researchers found disparities in chronic disease risk, victimization, access to health care, mental health and smoking.

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in European children and adolescents with obesity — a problem that is no longer restricted to minority groups

Type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in European children and adolescents with obesity — a problem that is no longer restricted to minority groups

BACKGROUND: The incidence of childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes is an increasing problem in Europe. We determined the prevalence of impaired glucose regulation in a predominantly Caucasian cohort of 491 children and adolescents with obesity. METHODS: Fasting glucose and insulin levels were determined in all 491 subjects. Patients with an abnormal fasting glucose or […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Closing the gap: effect of diabetes case management on glycemic control among low-income ethnic minority populations: the California Medi-Cal type 2 diabetes study.[see comment]

Closing the gap: effect of diabetes case management on glycemic control among low-income ethnic minority populations: the California Medi-Cal type 2 diabetes study.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE: Disparities exist in the diabetes health status of ethnic minority and/or low-income populations relative to other groups. A primary objective of diabetes management is to improve glycemic control. The feasibility of implementing intensive diabetes case management in disparate populations remains largely untested. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Clinical sites in three southern California counties serving […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Self-reported urogenital symptoms in postmenopausal women: Women’s Health Initiative

Self-reported urogenital symptoms in postmenopausal women: Women’s Health Initiative

OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of self-reported urogenital symptoms (dryness, irritation or itching, discharge, dysuria) among postmenopausal women aged 50-79. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis based on n=98,705 women enrolled in the US-based Women’s Health Initiative observational study and clinical trials. Urogenital symptoms, symptom severity (mild, moderate, severe), and all covariates were self-reported through […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Heterogeneity in the relationship between ethnicity, BMI, and fasting insulin

Heterogeneity in the relationship between ethnicity, BMI, and fasting insulin

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the association of BMI and fasting insulin is modified by ethnicity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Non-Hispanic black (black), non-Hispanic white (white), and Mexican-American men and women aged 20-80 years from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994) were included in this study. Linear regression models with an interaction term […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in rates of type 2 diabetes in American women: how much is due to differences in overall adiposity?

Racial differences in rates of type 2 diabetes in American women: how much is due to differences in overall adiposity?

BACKGROUND: Although the rates of type 2 diabetes attributable to obesity have been documented by numerous studies, little attention has been paid to an important question of, “what fraction of the differences in rates of diabetes between high-risk and low-risk women is due to their differences in prevalence of obesity? This study aimed, therefore, to […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The effects of socioeconomic status and increased body mass index on cardiovascular disease in African-American women

The effects of socioeconomic status and increased body mass index on cardiovascular disease in African-American women

Today within the United States, CVD is the leading cause of death in women with the highest mortality being seen in African-American women. A review of literature revealed that over the last decade, within the United States, there has been an overall reduction in the death rate due to CVD. However, the rate of decline […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on First UK survey of paediatric type 2 diabetes and MODY

First UK survey of paediatric type 2 diabetes and MODY

AIMS: To estimate the UK prevalence of childhood type 2 diabetes and maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY), and distinguish them from each other and from type 1 diabetes. METHODS: The British Society for Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes Clinical Trials/Audit Group undertook a cross-sectional questionnaire survey of all paediatric diabetes centres during 2000, collecting […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Race/ethnic and sex differentials in body mass among US adults.[see comment]

Race/ethnic and sex differentials in body mass among US adults.[see comment]

Current research incompletely documents race/ethnic and sex disparities in body mass, especially at the national level. Data from the 2000 National Health Interview Survey, Sample Adult File, are used to examine overall and sex-specific disparities in body mass for non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks, Native Americans, Asian Americans, Puerto Ricans, Mexican Americans, and Cuban Americans. Two […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Adult obesity in the United States. A call to arms

Adult obesity in the United States. A call to arms

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