04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The concept of race and health status in America

The concept of race and health status in America

Race is an unscientific, societally constructed taxonomy that is based on an ideology that views some human population groups as inherently superior to others on the basis of external physical characteristics or geographic origin. The concept of race is socially meaningful but of limited biological significance. Racial or ethnic variations in health status result primarily […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The use of race and ethnicity in public health surveillance

The use of race and ethnicity in public health surveillance

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Measuring our nation’s diversity: developing a common language for data on race/ethnicity

Measuring our nation’s diversity: developing a common language for data on race/ethnicity

During the 4-year period 1993 through 1997, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) undertook a comprehensive review of the statistical standards that are used throughout the federal government to gather and publish data on race and ethnicity. The primary objective of this review was to ensure that our standards provide a common language that […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on A feasibility study of the evaluation of the Florida breast cancer early detection program using the statewide cancer registry

A feasibility study of the evaluation of the Florida breast cancer early detection program using the statewide cancer registry

In Florida, a Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-funded initiative of the Florida Department of Health has targeted socio-economically disadvantaged women for breast and cervical cancer screening. Since 1995, over 12,000 women aged 50-64, within 200% of the federally defined poverty level, with no health insurance, and living in metropolitan catchment areas in Florida, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Race/ethnicity and the 2000 census: implications for public health

Race/ethnicity and the 2000 census: implications for public health

OBJECTIVES: This article addresses the potential impact of the revised standards for race and ethnicity on data from the 2000 census and public health data sources, policies, and programs. METHODS: The authors examine the relationship between race/ethnicity and health in selected measures, identify the factors that influence race/ethnicity identification, consider past experience in race/ethnicity reporting, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Learning to live with complexity: ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and health in Britain and the United States

Learning to live with complexity: ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and health in Britain and the United States

The relation between ethnicity, socioeconomic position, and health is complex, has changed over time, and differs between countries. In the United States there is a long tradition of treating ethnic group membership simply as a socioeconomic measure, and differentials in health status between African Americans and groups of European origin have been considered purely socioeconomic. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Tuberculosis among American Indians and Alaska Natives in the United States, 1993-2002

Tuberculosis among American Indians and Alaska Natives in the United States, 1993-2002

OBJECTIVES: I examined trends in and epidemiological and clinical characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) within the American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) population of the United States and compared TB trends and characteristics in that population with TB trends and characteristics within other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: I analyzed all verified cases of TB reported to the US National […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Comparison of lower urinary tract symptom severity and associated bother between community-dwelling black and white men: the Olmsted County Study of Urinary Symptoms and Health Status and the Flint Men’s Health Study

Comparison of lower urinary tract symptom severity and associated bother between community-dwelling black and white men: the Olmsted County Study of Urinary Symptoms and Health Status and the Flint Men’s Health Study

OBJECTIVES: To determine the magnitude of racial disparity in lower urinary tract symptom (LUTS) severity and bother by combining two large comparable epidemiologic studies of community-dwelling white and black men, thereby avoiding many of the referral biases present in previous studies. Prior studies evaluating racial differences in benign prostatic hyperplasia have been hampered by selection […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Can traumatic brain injury surveillance systems be used to link individuals with TBI to services?

Can traumatic brain injury surveillance systems be used to link individuals with TBI to services?

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the feasibility of using Colorado Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Surveillance System data to link individuals to information and services in their communities. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Using a qualitative exploratory approach, the investigators conducted focus groups of individuals with TBI and family members (n = 29) and individual […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Incomplete reporting of race and ethnicity in gonorrhoea cases and potential bias in disease reporting by private and public sector providers

Incomplete reporting of race and ethnicity in gonorrhoea cases and potential bias in disease reporting by private and public sector providers

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