04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Disparities in exposure to air pollution during pregnancy

Disparities in exposure to air pollution during pregnancy

Previous research shows poorer birth outcomes for racial and ethnic minorities and for persons with low socioeconomic status (SES). We evaluated whether mothers in groups at higher risk for poor birth outcomes live in areas of higher air pollution and whether higher exposure to air pollution contributes to poor birth outcomes. An index representing long-term […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on NHQR/NHDR measures for women of reproductive age

NHQR/NHDR measures for women of reproductive age

BACKGROUND: This article addresses measures of importance to women of reproductive age in the first National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) and National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR). METHODS: The authors review each of the 4 components of quality of care: effectiveness, safety, timeliness, and patient centeredness. The effectiveness component topics with relevance to women of childbearing […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Prepregnancy weight and adverse perinatal outcomes in an ethnically diverse population

Prepregnancy weight and adverse perinatal outcomes in an ethnically diverse population

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between excessive prepregnancy weight and adverse outcomes, with a focus on women weighing over 200 lbs (91 kg) before pregnancy. METHODS: Data were from the 1998-1999 New York City births file for 213,208 singletons with information on prepregnancy weight. Five categories of prepregnancy weight were constructed and used to predict […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Annual summary of vital statistics–2001

Annual summary of vital statistics–2001

The number of births, the crude birth rate (14.5 in 2001), and the fertility rate (67.2 in 2001) all declined slightly (by 1% or less) from 2000 to 2001. Fertility rates were highest for Hispanic women (107.4), followed by Native American (70.7), Asian or Pacific Islander (69.4), black (69.3), and non-Hispanic white women (58.0). During […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Age and racial/ethnic differences in maternal, fetal, and placental conditions in laboring patients

Age and racial/ethnic differences in maternal, fetal, and placental conditions in laboring patients

OBJECTIVE: Most health indicators exhibit evidence of ethnic disparity. This study describes the prevalence of clinical conditions that are associated with pregnancy, stratified at age 35 years, and by ethnicity (black, white, Hispanic, other).STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective, cross-sectional cohort study. We used International Classification of Diseases discharge diagnostic codes from California discharge data […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Influences of income, education, age, and ethnicity on physical abuse before and during pregnancy

Influences of income, education, age, and ethnicity on physical abuse before and during pregnancy

OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of socioeconomic status, education, ethnicity, and age on the prevalence of intimate partner abuse before and during pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective correlational analysis. SETTING: Data were collected at six postpartum maternity settings. PARTICIPANTS: 1,004 women from six ethnic groups. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Prevalence of intimate partner violence. RESULTS: 15.9% of study […]

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