23 February 2011 ~ 0 Comments

Racial, Ethnic, and Socioeconomic Disparities in the Prevalence of Cerebral Palsy.

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Effect of Medicaid eligibility category on racial disparities in the use of psychotropic medications among youths

Effect of Medicaid eligibility category on racial disparities in the use of psychotropic medications among youths

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the degree to which Medicaid eligibility categories modify disparities between black and white youths in the prevalence of psychotropic medication. METHODS: Computerized claims for 189,486 youths aged two to 19 years who were continuously enrolled in a mid-Atlantic state Medicaid program for the year 2000 were analyzed to determine […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on HIV and tuberculosis infection in San Francisco’s homeless adults. Prevalence and risk factors in a representative sample.[see comment]

HIV and tuberculosis infection in San Francisco’s homeless adults. Prevalence and risk factors in a representative sample.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE–To determine the prevalence and risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) infection and investigate the relationship between these two infections in homeless adults. DESIGN–Cross-sectional study. SETTING–Inner-city shelters and free meal programs. PARTICIPANTS–A representative sample of 1226 adults (> or = 18 years) were enrolled from community sites. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES–Serum HIV-1 […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnic characteristics of mental disorders in five U.S. communities

Ethnic characteristics of mental disorders in five U.S. communities

The study examined the ethnic ratio of 16 DSM-III mental disorders among White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian Americans. A total of 18,126 residents from 5 sites and 2,939 residents from the Epidemiological Catchment Area’s Los Angeles site were studied separately. Logistic regression analysis was performed. Results showed that Blacks were significantly less likely than Whites […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial and ethnic differences in microalbuminuria prevalence in a diabetes population: the pathways study

Racial and ethnic differences in microalbuminuria prevalence in a diabetes population: the pathways study

The objective of this study was to determine whether racial or ethnic differences in prevalence of diabetic microalbuminuria were observed in a large primary care population in which comparable access to health care exists. A cross-sectional analysis of survey and automated laboratory data 2969 primary care diabetic patients of a large regional health maintenance organization […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and mortality in a national population of veterans

Racial differences in diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and mortality in a national population of veterans

OBJECTIVE: To determine racial differences in the prevalence of diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and risk of mortality in a national health care system. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was conducted in 429,918 veterans with diabetes. Racial minority groups were analyzed for baseline differences in prevalence of early diabetic nephropathy, diabetic end-stage […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Referral sources, diagnoses, and service types of youth in public outpatient mental health care: a focus on ethnic minorities

Referral sources, diagnoses, and service types of youth in public outpatient mental health care: a focus on ethnic minorities

Racial/ethnic variations in clinical and service delivery characteristics among youth in public outpatient mental health services were examined using data from San Diego County mental health service programs for fiscal year 1996 to 1997 (N = 3,962). Differences in referral sources, primary diagnoses, and service types were investigated for three racial/ethnic groups (African Americans, Asian/Pacific […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Who gets diagnosed with asthma? Frequent wheeze among adolescents with and without a diagnosis of asthma

Who gets diagnosed with asthma? Frequent wheeze among adolescents with and without a diagnosis of asthma

OBJECTIVE: 1). To describe the factors associated with not receiving an asthma diagnosis among children with frequent wheezing symptoms and 2). to determine risk factors for frequent wheezing in the population. METHODS: The North Carolina School Asthma Survey provided self-reported questionnaire data on respiratory health from 122 829 children ages 12 to 18 years enrolled […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Improving outcomes in the post-myocardial infarction setting

Improving outcomes in the post-myocardial infarction setting

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, with African-American men having the highest rate of cardiovascular mortality in the US population. Although the clustering of multiple cardiovascular risk factors is particularly apparent in this group, a key reason for the higher rate of cardiovascular mortality among African-American men compared with […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Using the CES-D in a two-phase survey for depressive disorders among nonreferred adolescents in Taipei: a stratum-specific likelihood ratio analysis

Using the CES-D in a two-phase survey for depressive disorders among nonreferred adolescents in Taipei: a stratum-specific likelihood ratio analysis

BACKGROUND: Efficient screening is important in two-phase surveys. We examined whether the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is an appropriate instrument for screening depressive disorders among adolescents in Taipei, an ethnic group whose depression is little known of. METHODS: Among the 2440 students of a school in Taipei, aged 12 to 16 years […]

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