04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The prevention of heart failure in minority communities and discrepancies in health care delivery systems

The prevention of heart failure in minority communities and discrepancies in health care delivery systems

This article discusses risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the minority community, including hypertension, obesity, diabetes,and diet. The minority community exhibits important population differences regarding risk and outcomes for cardiovascular disease.The complete explanation for these differential outcomes is lacking and likely to be multifactorial in origin; however, disparities in health care (differences in the quality […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Cardiovascular disease risk factors among older black, Mexican-American, and white women and men: an analysis of NHANES III, 1988-1994. Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Cardiovascular disease risk factors among older black, Mexican-American, and white women and men: an analysis of NHANES III, 1988-1994. Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

CONTEXT: There are few studies of ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in older populations. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of ethnicity on CVD risk factors, after accounting for socioeconomic status (SES), and to examine health behaviors among those with CVD risk factors. DESIGN: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. SETTING: […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The relative importance of social versus commercial sources in youth access to tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs

The relative importance of social versus commercial sources in youth access to tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs

BACKGROUND: Youth substance use began to increase in 1992 following a decade-long decline, leading to increased interest in controlling access to tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. METHODS: The anonymous and voluntary Minnesota Student Survey was administered to 133,794 public school students in grades 6, 9, and 12. Questions addressed current frequency of use of tobacco, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Behavioral medicine in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease

Behavioral medicine in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease

Cardiac behavioral medicine is the application of behavioral and psychosocial principles to the prevention and treatment of heart disease. Most biomedical cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., high blood lipids, high blood pressure, diabetes) require behavioral and medical interventions. Other risks, including obesity, high-fat eating pattern, smoking, and inactivity, clearly require lifestyle change. Behavioral medicine screening and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on And still we rise: meeting the challenges of ending health disparities among African-Americans

And still we rise: meeting the challenges of ending health disparities among African-Americans

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Expanding the evidence for health promotion: developing best practices for WISEWOMAN

Expanding the evidence for health promotion: developing best practices for WISEWOMAN

Implementing effective programs to prevent chronic disease holds the promise of reducing morbidity and mortality, reducing health disparities, and promoting health. Yet many programs have demonstrated success only in highly controlled research settings and few address the needs of low-income, uninsured, minority women. Well-Integrated Screening and Evaluation for Women Across the Nation (WISEWOMAN), a demonstration […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Coronary heart disease prevention and lifestyle interventions: cultural influences

Coronary heart disease prevention and lifestyle interventions: cultural influences

Unless action is directed to address the multiple influences on coronary heart disease (CHD) risk reduction behaviors, across all population groups, the aims of Healthy People 2010 with regard to CHD will not be realized. Health-promotion and disease-prevention models, including a framework for primordial, primary, and secondary prevention provided by an American Heart Association task […]

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