11 May 2011 ~ 0 Comments

The Social Animal: The Hidden Sources of Love, Character, and Achievement

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on CHAMPS physical activity questionnaire for older adults: outcomes for interventions

CHAMPS physical activity questionnaire for older adults: outcomes for interventions

PURPOSE: To evaluate effectively interventions to increase physical activity among older persons, reliable and valid measures of physical activity are required that can also detect the expected types of physical activity changes in this population. This paper describes a self-report physical activity questionnaire for older men and women, developed to evaluate the outcomes of the […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Access to renal transplantation among American Indians and Hispanics

Access to renal transplantation among American Indians and Hispanics

BACKGROUND: African Americans have decreased access to renal transplantation compared with whites. Whether similar barriers exist for American Indians or Hispanics is not well defined. METHODS: The authors identified a total of 1,335 patients ages 20 to 59 years without prior renal transplantation undergoing dialysis in December 1994 in Arizona and New Mexico. For each […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Psychosocial stress and neuroendocrine mechanisms in preterm delivery

Psychosocial stress and neuroendocrine mechanisms in preterm delivery

This review focuses on the contribution of psychosocial stress to the racial/ethnic disparities in preterm delivery in the United States and addresses the subset of psychosocial stressors that are disproportionately prevalent among minority women. We argue that chronic exposure to poverty, racism, and insecure neighborhoods may condition stress responses and physiologic changes in ways that […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Clinical, psychosocial, and treatment differences in minority patients with bipolar disorder

Clinical, psychosocial, and treatment differences in minority patients with bipolar disorder

OBJECTIVES: The clinical profile of minorities with bipolar disorder has been largely unexplored. We compared the clinical (e.g. psychiatric and substance use comorbidity), psychosocial, and treatment characteristics between white and minority patients with bipolar disorder (minorities were defined as black or other minority, which included Hispanic, Asian-American, or Native-Americans). METHODS: We collected demographic, diagnosis, and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Extension of the behavioral model of healthcare utilization with ethnically diverse, low-income women

Extension of the behavioral model of healthcare utilization with ethnically diverse, low-income women

OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial vulnerabilities were added to a model of healthcare utilization. This extension was tested among low-income women with ethnicity addressed as a moderator. DESIGN: Structured interviews were conducted at 2 points in time, approximately 1 year apart. The constructs of psychosocial vulnerability, demographic predisposing, barriers, and illness were measured by multiple indicators to allow […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Intrarace differences among black and white americans presenting for chronic pain management: the influence of age, physical health, and psychosocial factors

Intrarace differences among black and white americans presenting for chronic pain management: the influence of age, physical health, and psychosocial factors

OBJECTIVE: Emerging comparative literature documents significant racial differences in the chronic pain experience in terms of physical, psychological, and social well-being. However, the intrarace differences of chronic pain among black Americans and white Americans has not been extensively investigated. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the potential within-race-group differential effects and the psychosocial […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The Imam’s role in meeting the counseling needs of Muslim communities in the United States.[see comment]

The Imam’s role in meeting the counseling needs of Muslim communities in the United States.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE: Muslims are one of the most rapidly growing minority groups in the United States and have experienced increased stress since September 11, 2001. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the roles of imams, Islamic clergy, in meeting the counseling needs of their communities. METHODS: An anonymous self-report questionnaire was mailed to 730 […]

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