04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing an acute myocardial infarction are known to delay seeking treatment between 2 and 4 hours. This delay is problematic because individuals who receive treatment 2 or more hours after the onset of symptoms are less likely to benefit from emergent reperfusion techniques. Persons most likely to delay seeking treatment for an acute […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in self-assessed health problems, depressive cognitions, and learned resourcefulness

Racial differences in self-assessed health problems, depressive cognitions, and learned resourcefulness

The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in self-assessed health problems, depressive cognitions, and learned resourcefulness in functionally independent older adults, including 30 Black and 30 White elders age 65 and over. Data were collected during structured face-to-face interviews. The two groups were similar in age, gender, education, and income. Results revealed that […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on A breast cancer education and on-site screening intervention for unscreened African American women

A breast cancer education and on-site screening intervention for unscreened African American women

BACKGROUND: This study tested a breast cancer education intervention for African American women with poor screening histories. Disparities in rates of later-stage disease and death may be related to lower screening rates due to behavioral (e.g., knowledge gap) and structural (e.g., access) barriers. METHODS: 94 African American women (low-income, poor screening histories) were randomly assigned […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Evaluating innovations in maternity care: methodological approaches to a baseline postal survey

Evaluating innovations in maternity care: methodological approaches to a baseline postal survey

BACKGROUND: A network of four public maternity hospitals in Melbourne, Australia, has implemented a range of initiatives aimed at improving maternity care. Comprehensive evaluation aims to determine whether or not the maternity service enhancement strategies have led to improvements in women’s views and experiences of care. This paper discusses the baseline survey study design and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Workplace discrimination and alcohol consumption: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

Workplace discrimination and alcohol consumption: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

OBJECTIVE: There is evidence of an association between occupational stress and alcohol consumption. This study investigates the association between workplace racial discrimination and alcohol consumption in a sample of urban transit operators. METHODS: During 1993-1995, after undergoing a medical exam, 1,542 transit operators completed an interview. Depending on the outcome, we used logistic or linear […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in urban transit operators: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

Racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in urban transit operators: findings from the San Francisco Muni Health and Safety Study

OBJECTIVE: A growing body of literature is documenting the health effects of racial discrimination. The authors investigated the association between racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in a sample of urban transit operators. METHODS: Using data from a 1993-1995 cross-sectional study of transit operators in San Francisco, California, the authors analyzed responses to two sets of […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Who gets diagnosed with asthma? Frequent wheeze among adolescents with and without a diagnosis of asthma

Who gets diagnosed with asthma? Frequent wheeze among adolescents with and without a diagnosis of asthma

OBJECTIVE: 1). To describe the factors associated with not receiving an asthma diagnosis among children with frequent wheezing symptoms and 2). to determine risk factors for frequent wheezing in the population. METHODS: The North Carolina School Asthma Survey provided self-reported questionnaire data on respiratory health from 122 829 children ages 12 to 18 years enrolled […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Self-reported symptoms of reproductive tract infections among rural women in Hainan, China: prevalence rates and risk factors

Self-reported symptoms of reproductive tract infections among rural women in Hainan, China: prevalence rates and risk factors

OBJECTIVES AND GOAL: The goal of this study was to examine risk of reproductive tract infections (RTIs) among women in rural China, including prevalence, influence of sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, hygienic practices, attitudes, and behaviors related to premarital and extramarital sex, and abortion. STUDY: During 2000, a stratified cluster sample of 606 rural married women in […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnic differences in parents’ perception of participatory decision-making style of their children’s physicians

Ethnic differences in parents’ perception of participatory decision-making style of their children’s physicians

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to test whether there are ethnic differences in parents’ perceptions of the participatory styles of their children’s physicians, and to determine how Hispanic ethnicity influences the factors that are correlated with the perceptions of participatory styles. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional telephone survey in 111 counties […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on A culturally sensitive health care practice model–theory construction and its testing

A culturally sensitive health care practice model–theory construction and its testing

The major purpose of this paper was to develop a model for the use of complementary and alternative health care options. Chinese-American families were selected due to their large proportion among all ethnic populations in the United States. Andersen’s (1973 and 1995) perception of predisposing and enabling was adopted to test study variables singly and […]

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