04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Language barriers and access to care

Language barriers and access to care

The purpose of this chapter is to examine how language barriers contribute to health disparities among ethnic and racial minorities in the United States. A literature search was systematically conducted using selected computer databases (MEDLINE and CINAHL). Searches were limited to English-language-published research in the years from 1985 to 2003. A total of 47 published […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in accuracy of self-assessment of sexual maturation among young black and white girls

Racial differences in accuracy of self-assessment of sexual maturation among young black and white girls

PURPOSE: To examine the validity of maturation self-assessments and to investigate the association between race and validity of self-assessments among young black and white girls. METHODS: Self-assessments and examiner-assessments of areolar and pubic hair development using line drawings were compared at three visits among a cohort of 11- to 14-year-old girls enrolled in the National […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on General practitioners’ experience of research

General practitioners’ experience of research

In 1993, a Men’s Health Study was conducted in five mainland capital cities of Australia to determine prevalence of urinary symptoms among male patients. Patients completed a questionnaire in the waiting room before seeing the general practitioner who later completed a checklist. Various strategies were used to encourage participation by general practitioners in the research […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Cancer in U.S. ethnic and racial minority populations

Cancer in U.S. ethnic and racial minority populations

Discoveries, breakthroughs, and advances made in the area of cancer prevention and cancer control over the last 2 decades have led to declines in the rates of cancer incidence and mortality and increases in life expectancy and survival for many cancer patients. However, although the trends relative to cancer incidence, mortality, and 5-year survival for […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Developing culturally effective family-based research programs: implications for family therapists

Developing culturally effective family-based research programs: implications for family therapists

Recently, some family scholars have developed greater sensitivity to the relative neglect of families of color in clinical and empirical research. Consequently, a proliferation of research elucidating many nuances of ethnic families has come to the forefront, containing a wealth of knowledge with useful implications for family therapists and other mental health providers. The findings […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Utilization of complementary and alternative medicine among racial and ethnic minority populations: implications for reducing health disparities

Utilization of complementary and alternative medicine among racial and ethnic minority populations: implications for reducing health disparities

This chapter provides a review of research literature and describes the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among racial and ethnic minority populations. The relevance of CAM to health disparities is also discussed. Complementary and alternative medicines are terms used to describe methods of health care beyond the usual Western biomedical model. These treatments […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Advancing health disparities research: can we afford to ignore measurement issues?

Advancing health disparities research: can we afford to ignore measurement issues?

BACKGROUND: Research on racial and ethnic health disparities in the United States requires that self-report measures, developed primarily in mainstream samples, are appropriate when applied in diverse groups. To compare groups, mean scores must reflect true scores and have minimal bias, assumptions that have not been tested for many self-report measures used in this research. […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Model for incorporating social context in health behavior interventions: applications for cancer prevention for working-class, multiethnic populations

Model for incorporating social context in health behavior interventions: applications for cancer prevention for working-class, multiethnic populations

BACKGROUND: This article proposes a conceptual framework for addressing social contextual factors in cancer prevention interventions, and describes work that operationalizes this model in interventions for working class, multiethnic populations. METHODS: The Harvard Cancer Prevention Program Project Includes Three Studies: (1) an intervention study in 25 small businesses; (2) an intervention study in 10 health […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Mental health and disabilities: what we know about racial and ethnic minority children

Mental health and disabilities: what we know about racial and ethnic minority children

The recognition that children and adolescents suffer from mental health problems and disabilities is a recent phenomenon, not arising until the late 19th century. Because of the increasing numbers and importance of ethnic minority children and youth to the vitality of the United States, their mental health and disabilities can no longer be overlooked. Mental […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Culturally sensitive research methods of surveying rural/frontier residents

Culturally sensitive research methods of surveying rural/frontier residents

This article describes adaptations to conventional survey research methods based on knowledge of and respect for characteristics and qualities of rural communities and rural culture. These culturally sensitive methods may have contributed to a high response rate in a population-based study of frontier residents conducted in one western state in the United States. Through these […]

Continue Reading