04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Race, socioeconomic status, and health. The added effects of racism and discrimination

Race, socioeconomic status, and health. The added effects of racism and discrimination

Higher disease rates for blacks (or African Americans) compared to whites are pervasive and persistent over time, with the racial gap in mortality widening in recent years for multiple causes of death. Other racial/ethnic minority populations also have elevated disease risk for some health conditions. This paper considers the complex ways in which race and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial residential segregation: a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health

Racial residential segregation: a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health

Racial residential segregation is a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health. The physical separation of the races by enforced residence in certain areas is an institutional mechanism of racism that was designed to protect whites from social interaction with blacks. Despite the absence of supportive legal statutes, the degree of residential segregation remains extremely […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Accounting for Irish Catholic ill health in Scotland: a qualitative exploration of some links between ‘religion’, class and health

Accounting for Irish Catholic ill health in Scotland: a qualitative exploration of some links between ‘religion’, class and health

This paper considers the ways in which accounts from Glasgow Catholics diverge from those of Protestants and explores the reasons why people leave jobs, including health grounds. Accounts reveal experiences distinctive to Catholics, of health-threatening stress, obstacles to career progression within (mainly) private-sector organisations, and interactional difficulties which create particular problems for (mainly) middle class […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Growing population diversity challenges New York State dentists

Growing population diversity challenges New York State dentists

Minority populations are becoming an increasingly larger component of the general population. A review of 2000 Census demographic-related data for the increasing number of minority children in New York State presents concerns regarding parental household living arrangements, family income, neighborhood characteristics, parental employment, education and disability rates. As minority populations increase in size, their children […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Establishing a foundation for cardiovascular disease research in an African-American community–the Jackson Heart Study.[comment]

Establishing a foundation for cardiovascular disease research in an African-American community–the Jackson Heart Study.[comment]

The JHS is the largest single-site prospective, epidemiological study of CVD among African Americans undertaken to date. It is focused on African-American health, yet comprehensive in its scientific scope. Its design will allow future refinements in scientific direction, the development of ancillary projects, and the formation of synergistic collaborations to develop and test novel hypotheses […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Cardiovascular disease risk factors among older black, Mexican-American, and white women and men: an analysis of NHANES III, 1988-1994. Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Cardiovascular disease risk factors among older black, Mexican-American, and white women and men: an analysis of NHANES III, 1988-1994. Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

CONTEXT: There are few studies of ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in older populations. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of ethnicity on CVD risk factors, after accounting for socioeconomic status (SES), and to examine health behaviors among those with CVD risk factors. DESIGN: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994. SETTING: […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Prevalence of skin disease in a cohort of shelter-based homeless men

Prevalence of skin disease in a cohort of shelter-based homeless men

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous disease is a frequent cause of morbidity in homeless people. A variety of infectious and noninfectious conditions have been described in this population that are exacerbated by malnutrition, exposure to hazardous environment, psychiatric disease, physical injuries, and limited access to health care. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to study the prevalence of skin disease […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Chronic hepatitis C virus and the Hispanic community: cultural factors impacting care

Chronic hepatitis C virus and the Hispanic community: cultural factors impacting care

Hispanics are one of the fastest growing ethnic minorities in the United States. Estimates suggest there are 32.8 million Hispanics in the United States, comprising 12% of the population. Hispanics have a 40% greater chance of being infected with hepatitis C virus than the general population. In fact, chronic liver disease is the seventh highest […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Rethinking race/ethnicity, income, and childhood asthma: racial/ethnic disparities concentrated among the very poor

Rethinking race/ethnicity, income, and childhood asthma: racial/ethnic disparities concentrated among the very poor

OBJECTIVE: Past studies of the prevalence of childhood asthma have yielded conflicting findings as to whether racial/ethnic disparities remain after other factors, such as income, are taken into account. The objective of this study was to examine the association of race/ethnicity and family income with the prevalence of childhood asthma and to assess whether racial/ethnic […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Urban poverty and infant-health disparities among African Americans and whites in Milwaukee.[see comment]

Urban poverty and infant-health disparities among African Americans and whites in Milwaukee.[see comment]

This study examined neighborhood and infant health disparities between African-American and white mothers in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Census-block data were used for 1990 and Vital Statistics data were used for 1992 through 1994. African-American mothers lived in less desirable, more segregated neighborhoods than white mothers did in 1990. African-American infant and neonatal mortality rates were twice […]

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