04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on A breast cancer education and on-site screening intervention for unscreened African American women

A breast cancer education and on-site screening intervention for unscreened African American women

BACKGROUND: This study tested a breast cancer education intervention for African American women with poor screening histories. Disparities in rates of later-stage disease and death may be related to lower screening rates due to behavioral (e.g., knowledge gap) and structural (e.g., access) barriers. METHODS: 94 African American women (low-income, poor screening histories) were randomly assigned […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Determinants of delayed nephrologist referral in patients with chronic kidney disease

Determinants of delayed nephrologist referral in patients with chronic kidney disease

Late referral to nephrologists of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem because it is prevalent and associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and greater healthcare costs. To identify factors associated with delayed nephrologist referral (first nephrologist visit < 90 days before the onset of renal replacement therapy), we identified a […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Metal contamination of sediments and soils of Bayou Saint John: a potential health impact to local fishermen?

Metal contamination of sediments and soils of Bayou Saint John: a potential health impact to local fishermen?

This research examines the pattern of sediment contamination of an urban bayou of New Orleans (formerly a natural waterway) and the potential for human exposure from consumption of fish caught in the bayou. Sediments and soils of Bayou Saint John were evaluated for lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and cadmium (Cd). Sediment cores were collected at […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Differences in pediatric ICU mortality risk over time.[see comment]

Differences in pediatric ICU mortality risk over time.[see comment]

OBJECTIVES: To compare pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) mortality risk using models from two distinct time periods; and to discuss the implications of changing mortality risk for severity systems and quality-of-care assessment. DATA SOURCES AND SETTING: Consecutive admissions (n = 10,833) from 16 pediatric ICUs across the United States that participate in the Pediatric Critical […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Hepatitis B knowledge among Vietnamese immigrants: implications for prevention of hepatocellular carcinoma

Hepatitis B knowledge among Vietnamese immigrants: implications for prevention of hepatocellular carcinoma

BACKGROUND: Vietnamese have higher liver cancer rates than any other racial/ethnic group in the United States. Approximately 80% of liver cancers are etiologically associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, which is endemic in Southeast Asia. METHODS: A telephone survey of randomly selected Vietnamese households (n = 75) was conducted during 1998 to examine HBV […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Physical activity among ethnically diverse college students

Physical activity among ethnically diverse college students

The authors compared physical activity patterns among 874 Asian, 332 African, 1,101 White, and 529 Hispanic American college students aged 18 to 25 years. According to self-report responses, 46.7% of the sample did not engage in vigorous physical activity and 16.7% were physically inactive. Among women, ethnic-specific rates of physical inactivity were Asian, 28.1%; African, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Avoiding risky sex partners: perception of partners’ risks v partners’ self reported risks

Avoiding risky sex partners: perception of partners’ risks v partners’ self reported risks

BACKGROUND: Key strategies advocated for lowering personal risk of sexual exposure to STD/HIV include having fewer partners and avoiding risky partners. However, few studies have systematically examined how well people can actually discern their sex partners’ risk behaviours. METHODS: We conducted face to face interviews with 151 heterosexual patients with gonorrhoea or chlamydial infection and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnic-specific revisions of body mass index cutoffs to define overweight and obesity in Asians are not warranted.[comment]

Ethnic-specific revisions of body mass index cutoffs to define overweight and obesity in Asians are not warranted.[comment]

Studies showing that Asians with a body mass index (BMI) at the high end of the ‘normal’ range are at increased risk of disease do not justify a different definition of obesity for that ethnic group without comparable data from Caucasians showing no similar increase in risk. The current BMI cutpoints for obesity are somewhat […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Sleep behavior in an urban US sample of school-aged children

Sleep behavior in an urban US sample of school-aged children

OBJECTIVES: To describe sleep behavior of elementary school-aged children and to assess variations by age, sex, and ethnicity. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional analysis of 755 (50% female, 35% ethnic minority) children 8 to 11 years old from a community-based sample of children participating in a cohort study. Sleep and health data were obtained from […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The performance of a risk score as a screening test for undiagnosed hyperglycemia in ethnic minority groups: data from the 1999 health survey for England

The performance of a risk score as a screening test for undiagnosed hyperglycemia in ethnic minority groups: data from the 1999 health survey for England

OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of the Cambridge Risk Score (CRS) to predict undiagnosed hyperglycemia in Caribbean and South Asian people living in the U.K. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The CRS uses routinely available data from primary care records to identify people at high risk for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes. The sensitivity, specificity, and area […]

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