04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Impact of race and ethnicity on ischemic stroke. The University of California at San Diego Stroke Data Bank

Impact of race and ethnicity on ischemic stroke. The University of California at San Diego Stroke Data Bank

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As the US minority population continues to grow, increasing numbers of nonwhite citizens are at risk for stroke. A better understanding of how ischemic stroke differs in the minority populations may lead to more effective clinical management. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 542 consecutive patients (416 whites, 71 Mexican Americans, 55 blacks) presenting […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on HIV and tuberculosis infection in San Francisco’s homeless adults. Prevalence and risk factors in a representative sample.[see comment]

HIV and tuberculosis infection in San Francisco’s homeless adults. Prevalence and risk factors in a representative sample.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE–To determine the prevalence and risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) infection and investigate the relationship between these two infections in homeless adults. DESIGN–Cross-sectional study. SETTING–Inner-city shelters and free meal programs. PARTICIPANTS–A representative sample of 1226 adults (> or = 18 years) were enrolled from community sites. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES–Serum HIV-1 […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Tinker, tailor, soldier, patient: work attributes and depression disparities among young adults

Tinker, tailor, soldier, patient: work attributes and depression disparities among young adults

Prior studies have consistently found the occurrence of depression to be higher among persons with lower socio-economic status (SES), but causal mechanisms for this relationship are often not well understood. For example, while depression has been shown to increase during spells of unemployment, little work has been done on job attributes that may be related […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing an acute myocardial infarction are known to delay seeking treatment between 2 and 4 hours. This delay is problematic because individuals who receive treatment 2 or more hours after the onset of symptoms are less likely to benefit from emergent reperfusion techniques. Persons most likely to delay seeking treatment for an acute […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Ethnic characteristics of mental disorders in five U.S. communities

Ethnic characteristics of mental disorders in five U.S. communities

The study examined the ethnic ratio of 16 DSM-III mental disorders among White, Black, Hispanic, and Asian Americans. A total of 18,126 residents from 5 sites and 2,939 residents from the Epidemiological Catchment Area’s Los Angeles site were studied separately. Logistic regression analysis was performed. Results showed that Blacks were significantly less likely than Whites […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Race-ethnicity-specific waist circumference cutoffs for identifying cardiovascular disease risk factors

Race-ethnicity-specific waist circumference cutoffs for identifying cardiovascular disease risk factors

BACKGROUND: Waist circumferences (WCs) in white men and women that represent a risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) equivalent to that of body mass indexes (BMIs; in kg/m2) of 25 and 30 have been identified. However, WC cutoffs for other race-ethnicity groups remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine WC cutoffs for CVD risk in […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Global burden of cardiovascular diseases: Part II: variations in cardiovascular disease by specific ethnic groups and geographic regions and prevention strategies

Global burden of cardiovascular diseases: Part II: variations in cardiovascular disease by specific ethnic groups and geographic regions and prevention strategies

This two-part article provides an overview of the global burden of atherothrombotic cardiovascular disease. Part I initially discusses the epidemiological transition which has resulted in a decrease in deaths in childhood due to infections, with a concomitant increase in cardiovascular and other chronic diseases; and then provides estimates of the burden of cardiovascular (CV) diseases […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial and ethnic differences in microalbuminuria prevalence in a diabetes population: the pathways study

Racial and ethnic differences in microalbuminuria prevalence in a diabetes population: the pathways study

The objective of this study was to determine whether racial or ethnic differences in prevalence of diabetic microalbuminuria were observed in a large primary care population in which comparable access to health care exists. A cross-sectional analysis of survey and automated laboratory data 2969 primary care diabetic patients of a large regional health maintenance organization […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and mortality in a national population of veterans

Racial differences in diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular disease, and mortality in a national population of veterans

OBJECTIVE: To determine racial differences in the prevalence of diabetic nephropathy, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and risk of mortality in a national health care system. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was conducted in 429,918 veterans with diabetes. Racial minority groups were analyzed for baseline differences in prevalence of early diabetic nephropathy, diabetic end-stage […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Who gets diagnosed with asthma? Frequent wheeze among adolescents with and without a diagnosis of asthma

Who gets diagnosed with asthma? Frequent wheeze among adolescents with and without a diagnosis of asthma

OBJECTIVE: 1). To describe the factors associated with not receiving an asthma diagnosis among children with frequent wheezing symptoms and 2). to determine risk factors for frequent wheezing in the population. METHODS: The North Carolina School Asthma Survey provided self-reported questionnaire data on respiratory health from 122 829 children ages 12 to 18 years enrolled […]

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