04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Worsening trends in adult health-related quality of life and self-rated health-United States, 1993-2001.[see comment]

Worsening trends in adult health-related quality of life and self-rated health-United States, 1993-2001.[see comment]

OBJECTIVES: Health-related quality of life and self-rated health complement mortality and morbidity as measures used in tracking changes and disparities in population health. The objectives of this study were to determine whether and how health-related quality of life and self-rated health changed overall in U.S. adults and in specific sociodemographic and geographic groups from 1993 […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Inventory of college challenges for ethnic minority students: psychometric properties of a new instrument in Chinese Americans

Inventory of college challenges for ethnic minority students: psychometric properties of a new instrument in Chinese Americans

The Inventory of College Challenges for Ethnic Minority Students (ICCEMS) is a newly developed instrument that assesses challenges faced by ethnic minority college students across a range of cultural, academic, social, and practical domains. The present study tested the ICCEMS among Chinese American students in an attempt to identify its factor structure and assess its […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racism and mental health: the African American experience

Racism and mental health: the African American experience

This paper provides an overview of United States-based research on the ways in which racism can affect mental health. It describes changes in racial attitudes over time, the persistence of negative racial stereotypes and the ways in which negative beliefs were incorporated into societal policies and institutions. It then reviews the available scientific evidence that […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Discrepancies in body image perception among fourth-grade public school children from urban, suburban, and rural Maryland

Discrepancies in body image perception among fourth-grade public school children from urban, suburban, and rural Maryland

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether there is an association between body image perception and weight status as measured by the body mass index among a group of fourth graders in Maryland. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data on height, weight, and body image were collected in the classroom. At risk for being overweight […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Psychological disidentification with the academic domain among ethnic minority adolescents in The Netherlands

Psychological disidentification with the academic domain among ethnic minority adolescents in The Netherlands

BACKGROUND: Among ethnic minority group adolescents, experiences with discrimination and prejudice in school settings are thought to lead to a defensive detachment of the self from the school domain. That is, these adolescents may disengage their self-feelings from their academic performances causing the academic self to become a less important part of global self-worth. However, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Homophobia: a challenge for psychosocial nursing.[see comment]

Homophobia: a challenge for psychosocial nursing.[see comment]

1. In 1975, the American Psychological Association stated that homosexuality was not a disorder and that homophobia was a form of prejudice based on stereotypes. 2. Because homophobia, like racism or sexism, is learned, it can be unlearned. 3. People who feel homosexuality is a choice hold more negative attitudes toward individuals who are gay, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Discrimination and Puerto Rican children’s and adolescents’ mental health

Discrimination and Puerto Rican children’s and adolescents’ mental health

Two studies of Puerto Rican youths’ development on the U.S. mainland examined the consequences of perceived racial/ethnic discrimination on mental health. In Study I, children were found to have a low likelihood of perceiving discrimination, whereas in Study 2, nearly half of the adolescent sample reported perceiving racial/ethnic discrimination. Although both groups scored high on […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Body image, perceived pubertal timing, and adolescent mental health

Body image, perceived pubertal timing, and adolescent mental health

PURPOSE: To examine the impact of gender, racial-ethnic group, and perceived pubertal timing on body image and adolescent mental health. METHOD: A three-stage, area probability sample was selected which included 877 teens (13-18 years) with diverse social and demographic characteristics. Interviews in English or Spanish were conducted in person. The content emphasized emotional distress and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Self-concept in adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a cooperative Children’s Cancer Group and National Institutes of Health study

Self-concept in adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a cooperative Children’s Cancer Group and National Institutes of Health study

BACKGROUND: Self-concept was compared between adult survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and sibling controls. Adult survivor subgroups at greatest risk for negative self-concept were identified. PROCEDURE: Survivors (n = 578) aged > or =18 years, treated before age 20 years on Children’s Cancer Group (CCG) ALL protocols, and 396 sibling controls completed a […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on “Being dealt with as a whole person.” Care seeking and adherence: the benefits of culturally competent care

“Being dealt with as a whole person.” Care seeking and adherence: the benefits of culturally competent care

The purpose of this study is to characterize the relationship between identity and health care experiences (including antiretroviral therapy utilization) among HIV-positive sexual minority males. This qualitative study used grounded theory with data collection occurring through focus groups and interviews. A questionnaire was used to complete a demographic profile. The study included 47 HIV positive […]

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