04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial differences in prevalence of a supratypic HLA-genetic marker immaterial to pre-employment testing for susceptibility to chronic beryllium disease

Racial differences in prevalence of a supratypic HLA-genetic marker immaterial to pre-employment testing for susceptibility to chronic beryllium disease

BACKGROUND: A beryllium materials manufacturer is conducting a limited pilot program that offers testing for HLA-DP beta 1E69 with genetic counseling through a third party to applicants for employment. An important consideration in this regard is the prevalence of this marker in the general population, and its consequent positive predictive value of disease susceptibility. METHODS: […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Lowering the criterion for impaired fasting glucose: impact on disease prevalence and associated risk of diabetes and ischemic heart disease

Lowering the criterion for impaired fasting glucose: impact on disease prevalence and associated risk of diabetes and ischemic heart disease

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of lowering the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) criterion for impaired fasting glucose (IFG) on the prevalence of IFG, the risks of diabetes, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) associated with IFG. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Three studies were used: 1). the 1998 National Health Survey (NHS98), a randomly selected cross-sectional sample of […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Screening for diabetes mellitus–a two-step approach in individuals with impaired fasting glucose improves detection of those at risk of complications

Screening for diabetes mellitus–a two-step approach in individuals with impaired fasting glucose improves detection of those at risk of complications

AIMS: To compare the new American Diabetes Association (ADA) fasting plasma glucose (FPG) criteria to the 1985 World Health Organization (WHO) 2-h post glucose (2hPG) criteria when used for screening of those with no prior history of diabetes mellitus. METHODS: The study included 3,407 subjects without a history of diabetes in whom both FPG and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on CHAMPS physical activity questionnaire for older adults: outcomes for interventions

CHAMPS physical activity questionnaire for older adults: outcomes for interventions

PURPOSE: To evaluate effectively interventions to increase physical activity among older persons, reliable and valid measures of physical activity are required that can also detect the expected types of physical activity changes in this population. This paper describes a self-report physical activity questionnaire for older men and women, developed to evaluate the outcomes of the […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The performance of a risk score as a screening test for undiagnosed hyperglycemia in ethnic minority groups: data from the 1999 health survey for England

The performance of a risk score as a screening test for undiagnosed hyperglycemia in ethnic minority groups: data from the 1999 health survey for England

OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of the Cambridge Risk Score (CRS) to predict undiagnosed hyperglycemia in Caribbean and South Asian people living in the U.K. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The CRS uses routinely available data from primary care records to identify people at high risk for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes. The sensitivity, specificity, and area […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Current issues in cross-cultural quality of life instrument development

Current issues in cross-cultural quality of life instrument development

As a result of an increased demand for international cooperation in health care, cross-cultural quality of life (QOL) measures have been developed and tested. At present, a considerable number of QOL instruments are available in various languages, and some have been validated and normed in specific countries. Different approaches highlighting specific tasks have been used, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Development of a spanish version of the Schwartz Outcome Scale-10: a brief mental health outcome measure

Development of a spanish version of the Schwartz Outcome Scale-10: a brief mental health outcome measure

The lack of culturally appropriate psychometric instruments for the assessment of cognitive and emotional functioning in minority populations has been a concern often discussed in the assessment literature. With the increased focus on the measurement of outcome in mental health treatment, the lack of appropriate instruments for minorities has become readily apparent in this venue […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The Parent Report Form of the CHIP-Child Edition: reliability and validity

The Parent Report Form of the CHIP-Child Edition: reliability and validity

BACKGROUND: Valid, comprehensive instruments to describe, monitor, and evaluate health from childhood through adolescence are almost nonexistent, but are critical for health resource planning, evaluation of policy, preventive, and clinical interventions, and understanding trajectories of health during this important period of life. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe the development, testing, and […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on A multicomponent program for nutrition and physical activity change in primary care: PACE+ for adolescents

A multicomponent program for nutrition and physical activity change in primary care: PACE+ for adolescents

BACKGROUND: Most adolescents do not meet national recommendations for nutrition and physical activity. However, no studies of physical activity and nutrition interventions for adolescents conducted in health care settings have been published. The present study was an initial evaluation of the PACE+ (Patient-centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise plus Nutrition) program, delivered in primary care […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire: a review of its national validation studies

The inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire: a review of its national validation studies

Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important measure of illness perception on the part of the patient. The Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) is a widely used questionnaire for HRQoL assessment in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). This questionnaire has been adapted and validated into several languages and cultural milieus. The aim of […]

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