04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Tinker, tailor, soldier, patient: work attributes and depression disparities among young adults

Tinker, tailor, soldier, patient: work attributes and depression disparities among young adults

Prior studies have consistently found the occurrence of depression to be higher among persons with lower socio-economic status (SES), but causal mechanisms for this relationship are often not well understood. For example, while depression has been shown to increase during spells of unemployment, little work has been done on job attributes that may be related […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing an acute myocardial infarction are known to delay seeking treatment between 2 and 4 hours. This delay is problematic because individuals who receive treatment 2 or more hours after the onset of symptoms are less likely to benefit from emergent reperfusion techniques. Persons most likely to delay seeking treatment for an acute […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?

Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?

This study introduces the concentration index (CI) to assess socioeconomic inequality in the distribution of obesity among American adults aged 18-60 years old. The CI provides a summary measure of socioeconomic inequality, and enabled comparisons across gender, age, and ethnicity. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-1994 (NHANES III) were used. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The effect of an enhanced employee assistance program (EAP) intervention on EAP utilization

The effect of an enhanced employee assistance program (EAP) intervention on EAP utilization

OBJECTIVE: An enhanced employee assistance program (EAP) intervention was developed that delivers comprehensive EAP outreach services to all employees who may have alcohol-related and other workplace problems; standard EAP materials traditionally targeted at white men were enhanced to include women and minorities. This study evaluates whether the enhanced EAP intervention increased EAP utilization. METHOD: The […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on An examination of the dental utilization practices of adult survivors of childhood cancer: a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study

An examination of the dental utilization practices of adult survivors of childhood cancer: a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study

OBJECTIVES: This study characterized the self-reported dental utilization practice of long-term survivors of childhood cancer, a group at increased risk for treatment-induced dental abnormalities. METHODS: 9,434 survivors and a comparison group of 3,858 siblings completed a 289-item survey that included a question on when their last dental visit occurred. RESULTS: Within the last year 60.4 […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Leisure time activity of Mexican Americans with diabetes

Leisure time activity of Mexican Americans with diabetes

BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a worldwide health problem with increasing prevalence, particularly among ethnic minorities. Activity is a major component of diabetes management that can help to prevent the deadly complications of the disease. Assessment of the activities in which individuals with diabetes from specific ethnic groups such as Mexican Americans engage may facilitate identification of […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Long-term cancer patient survival in the United States.[see comment]

Long-term cancer patient survival in the United States.[see comment]

Although survival rates are useful for monitoring progress in the early detection and treatment of cancer and are of particular interest to patients with new diagnoses, there are limited population-based estimates of long-term survival rates. We used data collected by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program for cases diagnosed during 1974-1991 and followed through […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Comparison of case fatality in south Asian and white patients after acute myocardial infarction: observational study.[see comment]

Comparison of case fatality in south Asian and white patients after acute myocardial infarction: observational study.[see comment]

OBJECTIVE–To compare mortality in south Asian (Indian, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi) and white patients in the six months after hospital admission for acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN–Observational study. SETTING–District general hospital in east London. PATIENTS–149 south Asian and 313 white patients aged < 65 years admitted to the coronary care unit with acute myocardial infarction from 1 […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Emerging issues in gender and ethnic differences in substance abuse and treatment

Emerging issues in gender and ethnic differences in substance abuse and treatment

The emerging understanding of gender differences among ethnic minorities in the rates, etiology, course, and treatment of substance abuse and common comorbid mental health disorders has significant scientific and practical implications. Growing recognition of these differences and their implications for treatment and policy decisions has highlighted research gaps and the need for more thoughtful application […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Race/ethnicity and location of stroke mortality: implications for population-based studies

Race/ethnicity and location of stroke mortality: implications for population-based studies

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke community surveillance projects often focus on hospital data rates. We hypothesized that not including strokes which occurred in nursing homes or at home would differentially affect race/ethnic stroke rates. METHODS: Texas vital statistics data were studied to compare age-specific (45 to 59, 60 to 74, and >/=75 years) location of stroke […]

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