04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The influence of ethnic discrimination and ethnic identification on African American adolescents’ school and socioemotional adjustment

The influence of ethnic discrimination and ethnic identification on African American adolescents’ school and socioemotional adjustment

Do experiences with racial discrimination at school predict changes in African American adolescents’ academic and psychological functioning? Does African American ethnic identity buffer these relations? This paper addresses these two questions using two waves of data from a longitudinal study of an economically diverse sample of African American adolescents living in and near a major […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Mental health services use among school-aged children with disabilities: the role of sociodemographics, functional limitations, family burdens, and care coordination

Mental health services use among school-aged children with disabilities: the role of sociodemographics, functional limitations, family burdens, and care coordination

OBJECTIVE: To examine the use of mental health services and correlates of receiving services among community-dwelling children with disabilities, ages 6 to 17 years. STUDY DESIGN: Data are from the 1994 and 1995 National Health Interview Survey Disability Supplements (NHIS-D), conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics. The study sample is 4,939 children with […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on From nurse to nurse anesthetist: the relationship of culture, race, and ethnicity to professional socialization and career commitment of advanced practice nurses

From nurse to nurse anesthetist: the relationship of culture, race, and ethnicity to professional socialization and career commitment of advanced practice nurses

The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship of culture, race, and ethnicity on professional socialization and career commitment of student registered nurse anesthetists. A 78-item, self-administered questionnaire was mailed to the United States population of student nurse anesthetists (N = 2,008) yielding a 56% response. Demographic data and the dimensions of socialization […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Family environment and emotional and behavioural symptoms in adolescent Cambodian Refugees: influence of time, gender, and acculturation

Family environment and emotional and behavioural symptoms in adolescent Cambodian Refugees: influence of time, gender, and acculturation

For young refugees, the turmoil of adolescence is exacerbated by the acculturation process that sometimes places them at odds with the traditional culture of their ethnic group. The family environment can affect how adolescents cross that pivotal period. This paper focuses on the influence of family environment, gender and acculturation on the mental health of […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Perceived discrimination and depression: moderating effects of coping, acculturation, and ethnic support

Perceived discrimination and depression: moderating effects of coping, acculturation, and ethnic support

The authors evaluated the effects of cultural norms and social contexts on coping processes involved in dealing with perceived racial discrimination. Cross-sectional data derived from personal interviews with Korean immigrants residing in Toronto were analyzed. Among the respondents, active, problem-focused coping styles were more effective in reducing the impacts on depression of perceived discrimination, while […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Factors associated with aggressive and delinquent behaviors among patients attending an adolescent medicine clinic

Factors associated with aggressive and delinquent behaviors among patients attending an adolescent medicine clinic

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among delinquency/aggressiveness and alcohol or drug use, sexual risk behaviors, and other scales from the Problem-Oriented Screening Instrument for Teenagers (POSIT). METHOD: A total of 173 15- to 18-year-olds attending adolescent medicine clinic completed a 183-item questionnaire. The questionnaire contained the POSIT, the CAGE […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Surfing the “model minority” wave of success: how the school context shapes distinct experiences among Vietnamese youth

Surfing the “model minority” wave of success: how the school context shapes distinct experiences among Vietnamese youth

Vietnamese students must contend with the burden of the myth of being a model minority. As a result of adults’ high expectations of them, Vietnamese youth receive structural and ideological advantages over other nonwhite racial groups. Further, the students themselves reinforce the model minority image as they attempt to attain educational mobility. The authors examine […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Changes in self-esteem in black and white girls between the ages of 9 and 14 years. The NHLBI Growth and Health Study

Changes in self-esteem in black and white girls between the ages of 9 and 14 years. The NHLBI Growth and Health Study

PURPOSE: We examined changes in self-esteem and feelings of competence with physical appearance and social acceptance over approximately 5 years in 1166 white and 1213 black girls, aged 9 and 10 years at baseline. METHODS: Maturation stage and body mass index (BMI) were assessed annually. Biennially girls completed Harter’s Self-Perception Profile for children. Changes were […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Psychiatric disorder and dysfunction in the UK National Survey of Psychiatric Morbidity

Psychiatric disorder and dysfunction in the UK National Survey of Psychiatric Morbidity

BACKGROUND: Psychiatric symptoms are wide-spread in the general population, but have little effect on performance. Deficits in performance and psychiatric symptoms may be the end point of processes common to both, or they may be caused by quite different factors. In this paper we examine the epidemiological distribution of psychiatric symptoms and performance deficits, as […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Culture and schizophrenia: a cross-ethnic growth curve analysis

Culture and schizophrenia: a cross-ethnic growth curve analysis

This study examined the longitudinal trajectory of a sociocentric construct among African-Americans, Latinos, and nonminorities. Participants were 163 individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia who were admitted to community-based psychosocial programs. Previous research had established empathy and social competence as sociocentric cultural mediators of a benign symptom profile for ethnic minorities. Data on sociocentric indicators were collected […]

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