01 December 2010 ~ Comments Off on Health Disparities in the United States: Social Class, Race, Ethnicity, and Health

Health Disparities in the United States: Social Class, Race, Ethnicity, and Health

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Tinker, tailor, soldier, patient: work attributes and depression disparities among young adults

Tinker, tailor, soldier, patient: work attributes and depression disparities among young adults

Prior studies have consistently found the occurrence of depression to be higher among persons with lower socio-economic status (SES), but causal mechanisms for this relationship are often not well understood. For example, while depression has been shown to increase during spells of unemployment, little work has been done on job attributes that may be related […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?

Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?

This study introduces the concentration index (CI) to assess socioeconomic inequality in the distribution of obesity among American adults aged 18-60 years old. The CI provides a summary measure of socioeconomic inequality, and enabled comparisons across gender, age, and ethnicity. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-1994 (NHANES III) were used. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Cultural competency as it intersects with racial/ethnic, linguistic, and class disparities in managed healthcare organizations

Cultural competency as it intersects with racial/ethnic, linguistic, and class disparities in managed healthcare organizations

Culture in and of itself is not the most central variable in the patient-provider encounter. The effect of culture is most pronounced when it intersects with low education, low literacy skills, limited proficiency in English, culture-specific values regarding the authority of the physician, and poor assertiveness skills. These dimensions require attention in Medicaid managed care […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial and socioeconomic aspects of myocardial infarction recovery: studying confounds

Racial and socioeconomic aspects of myocardial infarction recovery: studying confounds

Cardiovascular disease rates illustrate the excess morbidity and mortality associated with race and social class. However, while prevalence and deaths from heart disease are greater among black and lower socioeconomic status (SES) populations, researchers rarely consider possible confounds between race and SES. In a longitudinal study of 246 older myocardial infarction (MI) patients, differences appeared […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The impact of socioeconomic status on health disparities in the United States

The impact of socioeconomic status on health disparities in the United States

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Why reduce health inequalities?

Why reduce health inequalities?

It is well known that social, cultural and economic factors cause substantial inequalities in health. Should we strive to achieve a more even share of good health, beyond improving the average health status of the population? We examine four arguments for the reduction of health inequalities.1 Inequalities are unfair. Inequalities in health are undesirable to […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Disparities in exposure to air pollution during pregnancy

Disparities in exposure to air pollution during pregnancy

Previous research shows poorer birth outcomes for racial and ethnic minorities and for persons with low socioeconomic status (SES). We evaluated whether mothers in groups at higher risk for poor birth outcomes live in areas of higher air pollution and whether higher exposure to air pollution contributes to poor birth outcomes. An index representing long-term […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Medical student, physician, and public perceptions of health care disparities

Medical student, physician, and public perceptions of health care disparities

OBJECTIVES: This study investigates first- and fourth-year medical students’ perceptions about health care disparities and compares their perceptions with those of physicians and the public. METHODS: We conducted an analysis of a national survey of medical students that included questions addressing unfair treatment of patients in the health care system based on insurance status, money, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The concept of race and health status in America

The concept of race and health status in America

Race is an unscientific, societally constructed taxonomy that is based on an ideology that views some human population groups as inherently superior to others on the basis of external physical characteristics or geographic origin. The concept of race is socially meaningful but of limited biological significance. Racial or ethnic variations in health status result primarily […]

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