03 May 2011 ~ 0 Comments

Accountable Care Organizations and Health Care Disparities

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Identifying underserved ethnic populations within a community: the first step in eliminating health care disparities among racial and ethnic minorities

Identifying underserved ethnic populations within a community: the first step in eliminating health care disparities among racial and ethnic minorities

As set forth by the United States Department of Health and Human Services in Healthy People 2010, the primary goal of the national health promotion and disease prevention plan is to eliminate the health care disparities among racial and ethnic groups. This disparity is due, in part, to unequal health access. However, equal access to […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Pathways to access: health insurance, the health care delivery system, and racial/ethnic disparities, 1996-1999

Pathways to access: health insurance, the health care delivery system, and racial/ethnic disparities, 1996-1999

We examine the roles that insurance coverage, the delivery system, and external factors play in explaining persistent disparities in access among racial and ethnic groups of all ages. Using data from the 1996-1999 Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys and regression-based decomposition methods, we find that our measures of health care system capacity explain little and that […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Prevalence and correlates of high-quality basic pediatric preventive care

Prevalence and correlates of high-quality basic pediatric preventive care

BACKGROUND: The list of recommended pediatric preventive services has grown considerably in the past decade, and clinician variability, clinician distribution, and other correlates of provision of these basic preventive services (BPS) are not known. OBJECTIVE: To describe the proportion of high-quality basic pediatric preventive services, exclusive of immunizations, reported by parents and to identify sociodemographic […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Elderly health disparities on the U.S.-Mexico border

Elderly health disparities on the U.S.-Mexico border

The Ageless Health Needs Assessment is a multi-phase project designed to assess the health and quality of life of the 60 and older population along the U.S.-Mexico border. The present study used a health survey, which was administered to 1,450 participants by telephone and through face-to-face interviews in Western Texas and Southern New Mexico. Several […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Effect of Medicaid eligibility category on racial disparities in the use of psychotropic medications among youths

Effect of Medicaid eligibility category on racial disparities in the use of psychotropic medications among youths

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the degree to which Medicaid eligibility categories modify disparities between black and white youths in the prevalence of psychotropic medication. METHODS: Computerized claims for 189,486 youths aged two to 19 years who were continuously enrolled in a mid-Atlantic state Medicaid program for the year 2000 were analyzed to determine […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

Treatment seeking for acute myocardial infarction symptoms: differences in delay across sex and race

BACKGROUND: Patients experiencing an acute myocardial infarction are known to delay seeking treatment between 2 and 4 hours. This delay is problematic because individuals who receive treatment 2 or more hours after the onset of symptoms are less likely to benefit from emergent reperfusion techniques. Persons most likely to delay seeking treatment for an acute […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?

Socioeconomic inequality of obesity in the United States: do gender, age, and ethnicity matter?

This study introduces the concentration index (CI) to assess socioeconomic inequality in the distribution of obesity among American adults aged 18-60 years old. The CI provides a summary measure of socioeconomic inequality, and enabled comparisons across gender, age, and ethnicity. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988-1994 (NHANES III) were used. […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Improving health insurance coverage for Latino children: a review of barriers, challenges and State strategies

Improving health insurance coverage for Latino children: a review of barriers, challenges and State strategies

OBJECTIVES: To summarize key findings on disparities in health insurance coverage for latino children, to present selected socioeconomic and healthcare access indicators for the nine states with latino populations over 500,000, and to recommend state strategies to increase public health insurance coverage for latino children. METHODS: Literature review performed on latino children and health insurance […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Integrating research on racial and ethnic disparities in health care over place and time.[comment]

Integrating research on racial and ethnic disparities in health care over place and time.[comment]

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