04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Reasons for teachers’ adaptation of substance use prevention curricula in schools with non-white student populations

Reasons for teachers’ adaptation of substance use prevention curricula in schools with non-white student populations

In this study we investigate reasons why teachers adapt substance use prevention curricula in the nation’s middle schools. We hypothesize that these reasons will be most salient in schools with racially and ethnically diverse student populations, for whom teachers may believe it appropriate to tailor their curricula. The study sample comprised a nationally representative sample […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The war on drugs and the war on abortion: some initial thoughts on the connections, intersections and effects

The war on drugs and the war on abortion: some initial thoughts on the connections, intersections and effects

While many people view the war on abortion and the war on drugs on the part of state and federal governments in the USA as distinct, there are in fact many connections and a great deal of overlap between the two. Their histories, the strategies used to control and punish certain reproductive choices and those […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Family-based interventions for substance use and misuse prevention

Family-based interventions for substance use and misuse prevention

Because “substance abuse” is a “family disease” of lifestyle, including both genetic and family environmental causes, effective family strengthening prevention programs should be included in all comprehensive substance abuse prevention activities. This article presents reviews of causal models of substance use and evidence-based practices. National searches by the authors suggest that there is sufficient research […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The relative importance of social versus commercial sources in youth access to tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs

The relative importance of social versus commercial sources in youth access to tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs

BACKGROUND: Youth substance use began to increase in 1992 following a decade-long decline, leading to increased interest in controlling access to tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. METHODS: The anonymous and voluntary Minnesota Student Survey was administered to 133,794 public school students in grades 6, 9, and 12. Questions addressed current frequency of use of tobacco, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Recanting of substance use reports in a longitudinal prevention study

Recanting of substance use reports in a longitudinal prevention study

We analyzed recanting of substance use reports for lifetime use of alcohol, alcohol to get drunk, cigarettes, marijuana and cocaine in an 8-wave panel study designed to evaluate the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program in the State of Illinois. Although this phenomenon has been identified elsewhere, the current analysis of recanting is a unique attempt […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Preliminary effects of brief school-based prevention approaches for reducing youth suicide–risk behaviors, depression, and drug involvement

Preliminary effects of brief school-based prevention approaches for reducing youth suicide–risk behaviors, depression, and drug involvement

PROBLEM: Few empirically tested, school-based, suicide-prevention programs exist. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the postintervention efficacy of Counselors-CARE (C-CAST) and Coping and Support Training (CAST) vs. “usual care” controls for reducing suicide risk. METHODS: A randomized prevention trial; 341 potential dropouts, 14 to 19 years old, from seven high schools (52% female, […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Challenges faced by homeless sexual minorities: comparison of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender homeless adolescents with their heterosexual counterparts

Challenges faced by homeless sexual minorities: comparison of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender homeless adolescents with their heterosexual counterparts

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to identify differences between gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (GLBT) homeless youths and their heterosexual counterparts in terms of physical and mental health difficulties. METHODS: A sample of 84 GLBT adolescents was matched in regard to age and self-reported gender with 84 heterosexual adolescents. The 2 samples were […]

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04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Developing culturally sensitive HIV/AIDS and substance abuse prevention curricula for Native American youth

Developing culturally sensitive HIV/AIDS and substance abuse prevention curricula for Native American youth

In 1990, researchers and health care professionals joined with members of several southwestern Native American communities to form an HIV/AIDS and substance abuse prevention partnership. Culturally sensitive approaches to theory-based interventions were developed into highly replicable, structured, school-based and community-based intervention programs. Process evaluations indicated high levels of program acceptance and fidelity. Outcome evaluations demonstrated […]

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