04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Does a history of trauma contribute to HIV risk for women of color? Implications for prevention and policy

Does a history of trauma contribute to HIV risk for women of color? Implications for prevention and policy

OBJECTIVES: We investigated history of abuse and other HIV-related risk factors in a community sample of 490 HIV-positive and HIV-negative African American, European American, and Latina women. METHODS: Baseline interviews were analyzed, and logistic regressions were used to identify predictors of risk for positive HIV serostatus overall and by racial/ethnic group. RESULTS: Race/ethnicity was not […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Self-reported symptoms of reproductive tract infections among rural women in Hainan, China: prevalence rates and risk factors

Self-reported symptoms of reproductive tract infections among rural women in Hainan, China: prevalence rates and risk factors

OBJECTIVES AND GOAL: The goal of this study was to examine risk of reproductive tract infections (RTIs) among women in rural China, including prevalence, influence of sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, hygienic practices, attitudes, and behaviors related to premarital and extramarital sex, and abortion. STUDY: During 2000, a stratified cluster sample of 606 rural married women in […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Consumer assessment of the quality of interpersonal processes of prenatal care among ethnically diverse low-income women: development of a new measure

Consumer assessment of the quality of interpersonal processes of prenatal care among ethnically diverse low-income women: development of a new measure

PURPOSE: Consumer assessments of interpersonal processes of care during prenatal care provide important information about how well clinicians satisfy the perceived needs of the women they serve, but few measures are available that tap the various components of these processes. The purpose of this study is to develop a multidimensional measure of prenatal interpersonal processes […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on The importance of extreme prematurity and low birthweight to US neonatal mortality patterns: implications for prenatal care and women’s health

The importance of extreme prematurity and low birthweight to US neonatal mortality patterns: implications for prenatal care and women’s health

OBJECTIVE: In order to frame the appropriateness of neonatal mortality reduction efforts that begin only after pregnancy is recognized, this study examined the relative contributions of different gestational age and birthweight groups to total neonatal mortality and to racial disparities in neonatal mortality in the United States. METHODS: Using the national linked birth/infant death data […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Confronting racial disparities in infant mortality: reconciling science and politics

Confronting racial disparities in infant mortality: reconciling science and politics

The public debate surrounding disparities in infant mortality has resulted from a profound failure to seek a common wisdom. Because of its essential social roots, infant mortality will always remain the province of fundamental ideological and political conflict. However, without a more integrated analytic approach, progress in reducing disparate infant mortality will remain limited by […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Racial/ethnic variations in women’s health: the social embeddedness of health

Racial/ethnic variations in women’s health: the social embeddedness of health

This article provides an overview of the magnitude of and trends in racial/ethnic disparities in health for women in the United States. It emphasizes the importance of attending to diversity in the health profiles and populations of minority women. Socioeconomic status is a central determinant of racial/ethnic disparities in health, but several other factors, including […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Promoting adherence and retention to clinical trials in special populations: a women’s health initiative workshop

Promoting adherence and retention to clinical trials in special populations: a women’s health initiative workshop

This paper describes a Women’s Health Initiative workshop on promoting adherence and retention in randomized clinical trials among ethnic minority women, participants of lower socioeconomic status, and older women. Workshop objectives were: (1) to increase knowledge of demographic and cultural characteristics of diverse groups, (2) to increase awareness of how diversity can affect interactions in […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Risk factors for hot flashes in midlife women

Risk factors for hot flashes in midlife women

OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature pertaining to potential risk factors for hot flashes in midlife women. METHODS: Scientific publications reporting on risk factors for hot flashes were identified through a systematic Medline search and are summarized in this review paper. RESULTS: Although few studies have investigated risk factors for hot flashes in midlife women, […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Stepped-care, community clinic interventions to promote mammography use among low-income rural African American women

Stepped-care, community clinic interventions to promote mammography use among low-income rural African American women

Few studies have investigated community clinic-based interventions to promote mammography screening among rural African American women. This study randomized older low-income rural African American women who had not participated in screening in the previous 2 years to a theory-based, personalized letter or usual care; no group differences in mammography rate were evident at 6-month follow-up. […]

Continue Reading

04 May 2010 ~ Comments Off on Aging in introductory and life cycle nutrition textbooks

Aging in introductory and life cycle nutrition textbooks

The aging content in 11 undergraduate nutrition textbooks (8 introductory, 3 life cycle) was evaluated using content analysis. Repeated measures ANOVAs with Bonferroni post hoc procedures and t- tests were used. The 259 relevant pages largely focused on geriatrics (physiological decline, chronic diseases). Gerontological aspects were underemphasized. Mean number of pages on aging was significantly […]

Continue Reading